The reason we can count among the causes of tooth decay is that bacteria that accumulate on the tooth surface damage the tooth enamel by opening holes on the tooth over time. The more common tooth decay in childhood is a problem that people of all ages can face.
The best answer to the question of why tooth decay occurs is not to pay enough attention to oral and dental health. If the mouth and teeth are not maintained regularly, the number of bacteria already present in our mouth will increase and the teeth will stick to the surface and holes will form on the teeth. The main reasons for the increase of these acid-producing bacteria are the brushing of the teeth after the meals, the cleaning of the food residues between the floss and teeth, the habits that make up our lifestyle such as sugar and acidic food consumption and smoking.
When dietary carbohydrate foods and sugar and similar foods are consumed, bacteria such as Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus on the residues remaining in the mouth provide lactic acid. Plaques on the teeth, which are a mixture of bacteria, saliva, food residue and acid, begin to erode tooth minerals. In fact, the process of harming the dental minerals of the dental plaque continues every day. The formation of dental caries is a very short time of this abrasion process occurs.
In the early stages of dental caries is not very visible and obvious. First, a rough tissue is formed in the area where the tooth starts to rot. This rough zone then expands and the holes on the tooth begin to appear. It can be difficult to detect if tooth decay does not begin to occur in a well-visible place of the mouth. However, persistence of bad bad breath, bleeding gums, deterioration of mouth taste, increased sensitivity to hot and cold foods may indicate signs of tooth decay in your mouth.
What are the stages of dental caries?
Tooth decay occurs in 4 basic stages:
- Stage 1: A faint spot may appear on the surface of the tooth. It could be a hole. If toothpaste containing fluoride is used and this cure is supported by dental floss, the hole can be prevented from turning into decay.
- Step 2: In this stage, the hole seen has become a decay. The hard surface of the tooth is now crossed.
- Stage 3: Caries have reached the soft layer of the tooth. At this stage, the bruise grows faster.
- Step 4: If the decay is not interfered with the filling, deeper problems can occur in the deeper parts of the tooth. To prevent this condition, frequent dental examination should be performed.
Those who have caries in the teeth, must apply to the dentist. The dentist usually prevents the growth of caries by filling. However, the dentist may include fluoride or other treatment methods.
How is Dental Caries Recognized?
A decayed and engraved tooth can easily be noticed because it causes a dark space. However, the cavities, sometimes called cavities, are concealed and can only be detected by the tools used by the dentist and by dental x-rays.
The bruises are usually seen where the tubercles intersect each other or in the neck part of the tooth. A secret bruise between two teeth may not be seen for a long time. This type of bruises makes you feel like stone when you eat, while the stone is thought to be part of the tooth. Dental caries also show itself with strong pain. Toothache can be triggered by cold and hot foods as well as sweet and sour flavors. The severity of pain may vary from person to person. If the cause of caries is absent, pain also occurs, but even in such cases, the dentist should be consulted without pain. Because, bruises that are not noticed and not started, can lead to continuous and very severe pain that does not progress in the future.
Bacteria plaques on the teeth, the neck of the teeth on the white surface gives off. It is caused by the adherence of protein to the tooth by saliva and cannot be removed by mouth rinsing. For this reason, a visit to a dentist should be carried out before the attack of the acids produced by these plaques starts.
Why dental caries occur?
Dental caries are tooth holes that consist of acid attacks. It starts with tooth enamel but can progress to the soft inner layer of the tooth. Carbohydrate foods when left in the teeth, brush or tooth rope with this brush can not be completely cleaned of tooth decay occurs. Bacteria present in the mouth produce acidic substances that digest these food and devour tooth enamel. These acids disrupt the tooth enamel and cause cavities by forming cavities called cavities.
The cause of dental caries has not been resolved for many years. In the end, it was concluded that there were many different causes.
There are three main factors of dental caries. These:
- Bacteria plaque: Also called dental plaque.
- Carbohydrates (foods such as sugar and flour)
- Structural factors (structure of tooth, composition of saliva, etc.)
In a person with balanced dental health, if one of these factors changes, decay may occur.
Fluoride is present in mains water, toothpastes and some mouthwashes. Fluoride helps slow the deterioration of tooth enamel. It also accelerates the time required for re-mineral formation. This helps prevent tooth decay. The newly formed tooth enamel is hard. It is also resistant to acid. To strengthen the weak spots and prevent tooth decay in the early stages, the teeth should be regularly brushed with fluoride containing toothpastes. However, dental floss should be used once a day, and more professional cleaning and treatment methods should be regularly visited and examined.
What can be done to prevent tooth decay?
Dental caries are a common disorder. There are very few people in the world who have not had problems due to tooth decay. However, if proper information is obtained about dental health, caries can be prevented. The most effective measure is undoubtedly the correct brushing of the teeth 2 or 3 times a day, daily flossing and fluoride.
- Teeth must be brushed before breakfast and at night before going to bed. Those who need to brush their teeth after lunch.
- Since the food residues are mostly in the grooves on the chewing surface of the teeth and adhere to the interfaces where the teeth are in contact with each other, care should be taken that the toothbrushes have a small head.
- The brushes should never be rigid. Medium hardness or soft bristle brushes are ideal.
- Brushes must be replaced at a specific frequency. The bristles should not be worn and the hygiene of the place where the brushes should be observed.
- Never use another toothbrush.
- Daily floss should be used regularly.
- Fluoride-containing toothpaste should be used. Because fluoride makes the tooth surface harder and stronger.
- Mouth rinsing water containing fluoride should be used to give the mouth a freshness and smell.
- Consumption of sugar and floury food should be considered.
- Meal snacks should not be consumed. In this way, the acid production of the bacterial plaque is prevented. However, the acid exposure of the teeth decreases proportionally.
- Calcium-rich foods should be consumed. Because calcium strengthens the tooth surface, makes it healthier.
- Some medications reduce the saliva produced by the body. This increases the risk of tooth decay. Drug users should take care to drink more water than usual.
- The dentist should be visited several times a year. In this way, the teeth can be cleaned regularly to check the caries.
It is a proposal and Information article that has been compiled from different sources. There is no definitive diagnosis and treatment. Ask your doctor about any health problems. Remember, the treatment methods applied in health problems may vary according to the biology of individuals, hereditary characteristics, age, height, weight differences, allergic aspects and dozens of such conditions. Only your doctor can help you in the treatment of your health problems.