Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia is diagnosed and treatment methods

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia - Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia is diagnosed and treatment methods

What is chronic lymphocytic leukemia what are the symptoms? Diagnosed with CLL what are the symptoms and how is it treated? In our news.

What Is Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia?

The hollow part of the bones is called bone marrow in the spongy core, and G, which carry oxygen throughout the body and elisere the components of blood, red blood cells, white blood cells that help fight infection, blood clotting platelets that turn into stem cells is produced here.

A type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes too many lymphocytes in chronic lymphocytic leukemia the chronic disease which slowly multiply term, and refers to developed in a long time. These lymphocytes produced are abnormal and cannot fight off infection. Less abnormal lymphocytes in the blood and bone marrow increases as the number of healthy white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets are produced. This also will lead to some results. They are also symptoms of the disease.

The second most common type of leukemia in adults chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Typically develops after middle age. In children is not common. Reaching to the weakening of the body against infections and leukemia cells, causing an abnormal number of normal cells as an obstacle to be made of the symptoms of the disease begin to emerge.

What Are The Risk Factors For Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia?

These factors may be in the form, but doesn’t look to necessarily be caught, but sometimes also for the presence of at least a factor of getting the disease the situation may be sufficient.

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

  • Middle age and above
  • To be a man
  • Being of the white race
  • More than one in the family patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (but is not considered a hereditary disease, LEUKEMIA)
  • Radiation is not as effective as in other leukemias and benzene.
  • The Jews in Russia and Eastern Europe the incidence is higher.
  • Exposure to pesticides also increases the risk.

It is not a communicable disease.

What Are The Symptoms Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia?

  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Night sweats
  • Shortness of breath
  • Recurrent infection
  • Anemia
  • A contusion (easy bruising)
  • Frequent colds, lower respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, such as susceptibility to infections
  • Enlargement of lymph nodes
  • Especially in the region of the spleen while under the rib cage fullness pain

Usually asymptomatic in the early stages for chronic lymphocytic leukemia treatment also varies depending on the extent and stage of the disease.

Diagnosed With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia What Are The Symptoms?

Disease may be discovered incidentally during a complete blood count. Here it is seen that increased white blood cells and hematology clinics redirected. Firstly, if you have had in the past diseases and treatments the patient is learned. Depending on the illness present, the emerging findings were investigated.In the examination of swollen lymph glands and spleen size are detected.

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

White blood cells, red blood cells, platelets, and hemoglobin measures the amount of.Anemia and platelet count is noted. Blood cells, types of ratios with each other is also determined.

A sample of bone marrow is taken and tests are subject to review. Chromosome examination tests are also performed. And the type of leukemia sub-types as a result of the review is determined.

What Are The Methods Of Treatment For Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia?

Standard treatment include the following:

  • vigilance
  • chemotherapy
  • radiotherapy
  • surgery
  • monoclonal antibody therapy

Bone marrow cell transplantation is another treatment that is being tested in clinical trials.

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Chemotherapy is given before the patient with a cardiac ECG assessment is carried out.Some viruses, including hepatitis viruses should be investigated first whether there are they look. Standard treatments are as follows:

– Wait and watch: not only closely monitored the patient and chemotherapy is applied.

– Chemotherapy: patients and the patient’s symptoms of illness that requires treatment that disrupts the quality of life is applied at advanced levels. Such as taken orally, the drug may be given intravenously. Can be used with other treatments.

– Radiation therapy: high energy X-rays to kill cancer cells in some patients with other treatments in order to can be used. The body of leukemia cells in the collected region emitting radiation external beam radiation, systemic radiation circulating in the entire body in a radioactive substance is injected.

– Surgery: patients will not respond to other treatments or do not apply to them growing in the spleen can be taken.

– Targeted therapies: monoclonal antibody therapy in the treatment of certain drugs to destroy the cancer cells without harming normal cells is called targeted.

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia What Are The Side Effects Of Drugs?

Drugs also can damage normal cells. Number of chemotherapy healthy cells drops;

– infection

– lividity

– easy bleeding

– weakness is seen.

In this case, there are medications available that help to produce new blood cells. At the same time injuries to the mouth and tongue, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, hair loss may also occur. Hair Re-grow, but the structure and color may change.

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Low levels of other immunoglobulin for patients with recurrent infections and a process to be made, 20-30 a day sustained intravenous immunoglobulin therapy.

What should be followed in patients with ?

  • In 2-3 months a physical examination, full blood count, routine blood tests, peripheral blood smear, imaging studies should be performed.
  • In terms of side effects, should be taken in the evaluation of heart and lung function.
  • Cancer screening programs should be done regularly.
  • Annual flu vaccinations and a pneumococcal vaccine within 5 years is recommended.

 

WARNING!

Located in our news, written and visual content that was created is a letter of suggestions and information to be compiled from different sources. Constitutes the definitive diagnosis and treatment. In the face of any health problem contact your doctor.

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