Esophageal cancer

Esophageal Cancer - Esophageal cancer

Of the esophagus what is cancer?

indir 3 - Esophageal cancer

Esophageal cancer down your throat, your stomach long, hollow tube that occurs in the esophageal cancer . The esophagus (esophageal) from the back of your throat to the stomach the swallowed food to be digested helps to carry.

Esophageal cancer usually begins in cells that line the esophagus. Esophageal cancer can occur on any part of the esophagus. Women more often than men to esophageal cancer is caught.

Worldwide esophageal cancer is the sixth most common cancer-cause of death. The rates seen in different geographical settlements vary. In some areas, a higher proportion of cases of esophageal cancer and can be attributed to tobacco and alcohol use or certain eating habits and obesity.

What are the symptoms of esophageal cancer?

Signs and symptoms of esophageal cancer include the following:

  • Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia)
  • Involuntary weight loss
  • Chest pain, chest pressure, or burning
  • Slander indigestion or heartburn
  • Cough or hoarseness

There are typical signs or symptoms of early esophageal cancer.

When should I see the doctor?

If you have any persistent signs or symptoms that worries you, make an appointment with your doctor.

Due to chronic acid reflux esophageal cancer increases your risk of cancer prior to the development of Barrett’s esophagus is a condition in which you have determined if it is ask your doctor what are the signs and symptoms that may signal deterioration of your situation.

Screening for cancer of the esophagus, and other easily identifiable high-risk groups due to the absence of, is not routinely performed, except for patients with Barrett’s esophagus. If you have Barrett’s esophagus, discuss with your doctor the benefits and disadvantages of screening.

The esophagus (esophageal) cancer what are the causes?

The factors that lead to esophageal cancer are not fully understood.

Errors in the DNA of the cells in the esophagus and esophageal cancer (mutations) occurs as a result of the development. The cells to grow and divide uncontrollably it causes errors. The accumulated abnormal cells invade nearby structures and spread to other parts of the body the esophagus that can grow to form a tumor.

The esophagus (for esophageal cancer what are the risk factors?

Your reputation changes that lead to chronic irritation of the food tube is thought to contribute to esophageal cancer. The factors that cause irritation in the cells of the esophagus and esophageal cancer factors that may increase your risk include:

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (Gerd)
  • Smoking
  • Changes in in cancer cells prior to the development of the esophagus (Barrett’s esophagus),
  • Obesity
  • Alcohol use
  • Bile reflux,
  • Esophageal sphincter relaxation due to a difficulty in swallowing (achalasia)
  • Constantly have the habit of drinking very hot liquids.
  • Eat enough fruits and vegetables
  • Radiation therapy to the abdomen or upper chest vision

The esophagus (esophageal) cancer what are the complications?

As esophageal cancer progresses, the following complications may occur:

  • Esophageal obstruction. Cancer, report from food and liquids you eat can make it harder or impossible for you to pass.
  • Pain. Advanced esophageal cancer pain may provide relief.
  • Bleeding in the esophagus. Cancer of the esophagus may cause bleeding. Although the bleeding is usually gradual, sometimes sudden and may be severe.

The esophagus (esophageal cancer) precautions against what?

You can take measures to reduce your risk of esophageal cancer. For example:

  • Stop smoking. If you smoke, talk to your doctor about quitting strategies.Medications that can help you quit smoking and counselling services are available. If if you do not smoke do not start.
  • If you are using alcohol, use in moderation. If you choose to use alcohol, do it conservatively. For healthy adults, one drink per day for males over the age of 65 and women of all ages, drinking means two drinks a day for men under 65 years of age.
  • Eat more fruits and vegetables. Various colored fruits and vegetables add nutrition to your shape.
  • Maintain a healthy weight. If overweight or obese, talk to your doctor about strategies that will help you lose weight. Regular half or 1 kilo per week weight loss and slow target.

The esophagus (esophageal) cancer diagnostic methods.

Endoscopy :

Tests and procedures used to diagnose esophageal cancer include the following:

  • Use a scope to examine your esophagus (Endoscopy). During Endoscopy, your doctor down your throat into your esophagus a video lens (for video endoscope) equipped with a flexible tube passes. Using the endoscope, the doctor will examine your esophagus cancer or areas of irritation and look.
  • The collection of tissue samples for testing (biopsy). Your doctor a sample of suspicious tissue (biopsy) to take down your throat, down your esophagus with a special scope (an endoscope). A tissue sample sent to the lab to find cancer cells.

The esophagus (esophageal) cancer what are the types?

Esophageal cancers are classified according to the type of the respective cells. Guides you in determining the type of esophageal cancer you determined your treatment options. Within the types of esophageal cancer the following takes place:

  • Adenocarcinoma: begins in the cells that make up mucus-secreting glands of the esophagus. Adenocarcinoma often occurs in the lower part of the esophagus. Esophageal adenocarcinoma is a form of cancer most common and primarily affects white men in the world.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma: squamous cell lining of the esophagus and the surface of flat, thin cells. Squamous cell carcinoma most often occurs in the upper and middle part of the esophagus. Squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus is the most common cancer in the world.
  • Other rare species. Some rare forms of esophageal cancer is between small cell carcinoma, sarcoma, lymphoma, melanoma, and choriocarcinoma facility.

Esophageal cancer the spread of cancer (of the universe) is how to determine?

After your confirmation of esophageal cancer, your doctor and the cancer has spread to other parts of the body to the lymph nodes to determine if additional tests may be recommended.

The tests may include the following:

  • Endoscopic ultrasound (eus)
  • Computed tomography (CT)
  • Positron Emission Tomography (PET)

To put your cancer stage, your Doctor uses the information from this process. The stages of esophageal cancer are shown in Roman numerals from 0 to IV; the lowest stages, the cancer is small and affects only the superficial layers of the esophagus indicates. Stage IV indicates advanced stage cancer has spread to other parts of the body.

Cancer staging system, doctors improve the diagnosis and treatment of cancer continues to evolve and as threats are becoming more complex. Your Doctor uses the stage of the cancer which treatments is right for you to select.

What are the treatment options for esophageal cancer?

Treatment for esophageal cancer the type of cells that play a role when you get the cancer, the stage of the cancer, your overall health and your treatment preferences is based on.

Surgical Intervention

Esophageal cancer surgery

Surgical intervention can be applied alone or in conjunction with other treatments to eradicate cancer. Operations that are performed to treat cancer of the esophagus include the following:

  • Very small tumors. Your cancer is too small if limited to the superficial layer of the esophagus and has not spread, your surgeon may recommend the cancer and healthy tissue that surrounds it to the limit. Surgery, can be done by using an endoscope through your throat down the esophagus.
  • Surgery to remove a portion of the esophagus (esophagectomy). During esophagectomy, your surgeon will part of your esophagus that contains the tumor, a portion of the upper part of your stomach and nearby lymph nodes. The remaining esophagus connects to your stomach again. Usually this is done by pulling up the stomach to the remaining oesophagus to combine.
  • Surgery to remove a long portion of the esophagus and the upper portion of your stomach (ozefagogastrostomi). During ozefagogastrostomi, your surgeon a portion of the esophagus, nearby lymph nodes and removes a large portion of your stomach. Ozafagu the rest of your stomach you pulled up and reconnects. If necessary, a piece of your colon is used to connect the two.

Esophageal cancer surgery, where the stomach is reconnected to the remaining esophagus from the region of infection, bleeding and leakage carries the risk of serious complications such as.

Removing the esophagus surgery, open surgery using large incisions or with special surgical instruments through a few small incisions in your skin (laparoscopic) surgery, your surgeon and manages the process of how this can be done depends on how your personal situation.

The esophagus (esophageal) cancer treatments for complications

Esophageal stent

Esophageal obstruction and difficulty swallowing (dysphagia), treatment may include the following:

  • Ozofajial relieving obstruction. Esophageal cancer the esophagus is narrowed, the surgeon can keep them open to the esophagus is a hollow metal tube (stent) can use an endoscope and special tools to place. Other options are surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, laser therapy and photodynamic therapy.
  • Provide nutritionYou may experience problems swallowing, or stay in case of surgery the esophagus, your doctor may suggest a feeding tube. Time to heal your esophagus after treatment for cancer, a feeding tube directly into your stomach or small intestine allows nutrients to give your transmission.


Chemotherapy, which uses chemicals to kill cancer cells medication. Typically in people with cancer of the esophagus chemotherapy drugs prior to surgery (neoadjuvant) or after (adjuvant) is used. Radiation therapy may be combined with chemotherapy (an operation that is performed). In people with advanced cancer that has spread beyond the esophagus, the esophagus (esophageal cancer caused by chemotherapy to help lessen the signs and symptoms of cancer can be used alone or.

Chemotherapy side effects depend on the chemotherapy drugs you live. For more information about chemotherapy, “what is breast cancer?” you can visit our page.

Radiation therapy

Powerful energy to kill cancer cells radiation therapy X-ray beam is used. Radiation and cancer radiation coming from the target with a machine outside the body (external beam radiation therapy, EBRT). Or, less commonly, the cancer with radiation in your body, and are placed inside your body (brachytherapy).

Often chemotherapy is combined with radiation therapy in people with cancer of the esophagus. Usually before surgery, after surgery Dec ordinal if it is used. Radiation therapy of esophageal cancer in the advanced stage of a tumor is used to correct complications such as growth enough to pass food into the stomach. The treatment may take two to six weeks of daily radiation treatments over a period of as.

The esophagus side effects of radiation, sunburn-like skin reactions, painful or difficult swallowing, and includes accidental damage to nearby organs such as lungs and heart.


The merging of chemotherapy and radiation therapy, can increase the effectiveness of both treatments. You will receive an operation that is performed may be the only treatment or can be used prior to surgery. However, the combination of chemotherapy and radiation therapy, side effects, and increases the severity of side effects.


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