What is a kidney stone?
Kidney stones; kidney mineral content that occurs in channels with hard masses.
What are the causes?
These factors which occur due to the formation of stones and the exact mechanism is not known. However,
Congenital urinary tract anomalies,
Some systemic diseases (Gout, Crystals, etc.) may cause
Where and how does it occur?
If you have a stone where there may be urine, the kidney and the pelvis of the kidney may occur in rainwater. Some substances are missing in urine production by the body which causes the formation of protective stone. Hot, high altitude and kidney stones are more common in tropical countries. It had the effect of the sun, and the sun’s vitamin D synthesis vitamin D synthesis in the body because of increasing the absorption of substances in the intestines to be aware of more and more breakthroughs in the urine in their urine due to causes occurs.
What is the incidence in the community?
Is quite common.
It is more common in women than in men?
3 times more men than women are likely.
Health problems, which accelerates the formation of kidney stones in people?
Recurrent urinary tract infections, incurs the risk of kidney stones. Apart from that, such as cystinuria kidney disease, metabolic diseases like thyroid disease or chronic pancreatic disease, may predispose to kidney stone formation. A kind of rheumatic disease gout causes uric acid stones and uric acid in the body increases the content often occur. Uric acid stones more common in men as compared to women. Chronic intestinal inflammation, is one of the diseases which often cause the formation of kidney stones.
What are the factors that increase the risk of stone formation?
Avoid getting enough fluid during the day
Family history and personal history: the family history of stones in kidney stones are more likely to develop.
Age, gender and race: kidney stone is seen in the age range of 30-50
Little movement or immobility
Kidney stones symptoms gives? If so, this what are the symptoms?
Nausea / Vomiting
Blood in the urine
The problem is confused with other diseases? If so, what are these?
Abdominal pain, which makes other diseases should come to mind. The stone in the lower right quadrant pain in acute appendicitis should be ruled out necessarily on the basis of the investigations.
Is made in ways which increase your risk of kidney stones?
Imaging techniques and laboratory tests used in the diagnosis of kidney stones. X-rays are usually seen if you have kidney stones. Was taken sick when this film is deposited. But all the pieces directly on X-ray film may not be seen. All the pieces shown in the computed tomography system.
This is the method which comes to mind at the mention of kidney stones?
Medical treatment: cutting stones that are 5 mm, can be treated with antispasmodic medication and plenty of fluids. As the stone grows in size, non-invasive, the possibility of reduction is reduced.
PAIN: breaking the stone with shock waves from outside the body
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL): when the kidney stone is larger than 2 centimeters, or liters a day passing with eswl recommend. Under general anesthesia, a 1 cm incision in the lumbar region and the kidney through the stones created through a laser or inserted into, out of). Ensonhaber surgery with percutaneous nephrolithotomy with endoscopic surgery displays on a television screen is magnified. The laser breaks the stone or the stone.
Ureteroscopy (URS): also, if it is broken into small particles or expelling stones from the urinary tract can be treated by with the help of tools called ureteroscope entered. Ureteroscopy 2.5-3 mm in diameter and has a camera that allows you to see the channel for a short time. So rigid and rigid ureteroscopy with holmium laser or pneumatic inserted into the ureter through the bladder and the outer stones are treated with stone crusher. This can be treated with calcium kidney stones.Flexible so can be rotated in various directions and angles that could be rolled up ureterenoskopi three streams and the upper ureter in the kidney and both stay at the center, called they are used in the treatment of stones in his pockets. Ureteroscopic stone after therapy, the patients discharged to their homes the same day or the day after.
In such cases, surgery in such cases, methods other than surgery are applied and their success rate is?
Now the current approach is least invasive treatment methods foresee. The stone structure, size, number, location the most important items that play a role in the choice of treatment method.
If measures are not taken to prevent stone formation in patients who have kidney stones what is the risk of a recurrence of the problem?
Prohibitive measures are not taken and addressed by the team in the absence of lifestyle changes, due to environmental and genetic factors the risk of repeating kidney stones is quite high.
What is the intent of stone prevention therapy?
Lifestyle changes plays an extremely important role to prevent stone formation. Avoid eating fast, consume plenty of fluids and exercise to give weight to measures such as ‘preventive changes’ can be considered as. In addition to these, some drug treatments that will be performed under medical supervision is also in question. Equally spaced health monitoring and early diagnosis is important.
People who get kidney stones what should I do?
Drink plenty of water, especially during the summer months, this is even more important.
Tea, coffee and Cola beverages such as restriction bring as much as possible
To limit the consumption of salt,
Regular exercise or take a walk,
Avoid sudden weight loss,
The formation of kidney stones can be prevented? If the answer is Yes If can be prevented?
Nutrition and the risk of stone formation can be reduced by making a few changes in life style. The beneficial effects of fruits and vegetables and foods that contain fiber because you need to consume. However, stones that are rich in fruits and / or vegetables (spinach, cacao, tea leaves, wheat bran), you need to steer clear of. The results of these tests unless there is a strong reason for me to make suggestions in this direction should be limited. Plenty of fluids to drink should be made.
What are common misconceptions about kidney stones?
Calcium foods, berries and nuts makes a stone: WRONG!
And every type of food can make a stone of stone formation in genetic people. Measure going to consume plenty of liquids.
Drinking too much water, the kidneys, tires: WRONG!
The water from the fluid entering the body according to the adjustment capabilities of the kidneys is quite high. Therefore, excess fluid on the kidneys is easy.
People can’t live with only one kidney: WRONG!
Seamless even possible to live for 100 years with one kidney. There are thousands of patients. Unless there is a disease that affects the kidney (high blood pressure, diabetes, stone, etc.) there is the problem of living with one kidney.
Kidney stone size stone is important?
Yes, it is important.
Kidney stones for kidney stones?
5 mm at the bottom of the stones may fall out. The movement of water and helps reduce the stones. Expander channels with drug therapy could reduce ureteral stone. Stones above 5 mm by means of the operation are reduced.
What size in which the application should be made?
The stones are 6mm at the top with intervention is reduced. 4-6 mm between some of the stones themselves, with some intervention by falls. Due to the stones below 4 mm.
What is the effect of herbal treatment to reduce kidney stones? Do you have a warning about this?
Some of the plants would be run by effective in lowering the stone for the kidneys. Of course, generally 4mm-profile at the bottom of the stones to apply. My suggestion is that they don’t make such a thing without consulting their doctors. It might not be useful to each plant, on the contrary even harm touches.
There are benefits to consuming lemon reduce kidney stones?
Lemon juice has been found in research to inhibit the formation of some stones. Lemonade for kidney stones citrate and is effective. Therefore, the requirement that a portion of the liquid in the form of lemonade can be taken.
What is the difference between kidney stones and the sand?
There is a difference between.
What are the potential risks in the intervention?
Risk-free No such thing as surgery. The risks of kidney stone surgery are identical with each other outdoor and indoor. Bleeding is the most common complication. Studies had to give blood so bleeding the chance of 1% to 10% were found. Like all surgeries, this surgery, there is a possibility of infection. Investigate the presence of microbes in urine prior to surgery to minimize this risk during surgery and prophylactic antibiotics you need to start.This entry process very rarely during surgery the kidney X-ray “blind” is done because the bowel and injury to surrounding organs can be seen. Especially in thin patients, the risk is higher.
What are the latest innovations in the treatment of kidney stones, these are the benefits of what brings the patient and the doctor?
Both new methods in diagnosis and treatment continues. In this regard the greatest contribution in the development of medical engineering for medical applications is safe. For example, E. S. W. L, PCNL, URS in the previous sections like our story innovations of recent years.