What is hypoparathyroidism, what is the diagnosis and how is it treated? We have compiled all the details about this disease.
What Is Hypoparathyroidism?
Parathyroid hormone the parathyroid glands hypoparathyroidism is a rare condition that can do enough in the neck.
There are four parathyroid glands behind or near the thyroid gland everyone. This small gland is about the size of a grain of rice each. The basic function of them is to regulate calcium levels in the body. In addition, the active form of vitamin D and is involved in the production in phosphorus levels. All that remains of the activities required to maintain the body’s calcium balance parathyroid hormone.
Very little presence of parathyroid hormone is caused by high phosphorus levels and calcium in the body. In these cases, early diagnosis is very important. However, this condition requires lifelong treatment.
Hypoparathyroidism Why Does It Occur?
Causes of hypoparathyroidism include:
- Removal or damage of parathyroid glands
- Di George syndrome (a genetic disorder that affects the development of certain body systems)
- Genetic structure: individuals without or born without parathyroid gland gland working properly.
- An autoimmune disease (your immune system rejection of the parathyroid tissue)
- Cancer radiation treatment
- Low magnesium levels magnesium is a mineral that is required by the parathyroid glands to release PTH.
What Are The Symptoms Of Hypoparathyroidism?
Low calcium levels are the cause of many symptoms of this condition. These include:
- Nov pains or cramps
- The fingertips, toes, and lips, tingling, burning or numbness
- Nov spasms especially around the mouth
- Hair loss
- Dry skin
- Brittle nails
- Anxiety or depression
- Painful menstruation
Hypoparathyroidism in children who have weakened tooth enamel or dental problems, such as the development of bad teeth, may experience headaches and vomiting.
How Is Hypoparathyroidism Diagnosed?
Hypoparathyroidism is suspected, the person should be seen by a doctor immediately.Review your medical history to the doctor first, then the symptoms in your body controls. In children with abnormal dental development are fed into. Also in the blood calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and parathyroid hormone levels to be looked at is tested.
In addition to the tests that will be asked include:
- Urine Test
Your doctor will conduct a urine calcium test in order to see the level of calcium in your urine.
- Electrocardiogram (ECG)
This test is performed to measure the electrical activity of your heart. As a result of this test shows whether you have obtained an abnormal heart rhythm due to the lack of further calcium.
- X-rays and bone density tests
This test is made to see if your bones are affected due to low calcium levels.
How To Treat Hypoparathyroidism?
For the treatment of hypoparathyroidism, doctors often recommend vitamin D and calcium.Intravenous calcium may be given by a doctor if the symptoms are severe in some people.
People who have a lifetime of this disease should take calcium and vitamin D supplementation. Far more than is needed for a normal diet the amount of calcium and vitamin D must take.
At the same time the concentration of calcium by the doctor a blood test in preparation for program monitoring. Have regularly scheduled blood tests extremely important to maintain normal calcium levels.
To stabilize the level of calcium supplements recommended by a doctor. People recommended not to take these supplements during their lives. In addition, the doctor to reduce the amount of calcium from urine by diuretics (diuretics) also can be given.
Located in our news, written and compiled from different sources of visual content to be created, a letter of suggestions and information. Constitutes the definitive diagnosis and treatment. In the face of any health problem contact your doctor.