Neck Of The Womb (Cervix) Cancer
Neck of the womb (Cervix) Canceraround the world among women’s cancers, breast and bowel cancer after 3. often this type of cancer. Cervical cancer the femalereproductive organs which is one of the uterus (womb) the cervix which is the part of the mouth (HPV) refers to a malignant tumour that occurs as a result of abnormal development.
However, the incidence of cervical cancer and cancer screening tests reduce mortality from widely using, it is possible to.
The cervix (HPV) symptoms, risk factors, and what is development?
Cervical cancer risk factors include:
- Cases of cervical cancer HPV infection in more than 95% were found to be HPV DNA positive) HPV is sexually transmitted to the cervix.
- Starting at an early age (before age 16) first intercourse
- The high number of sexual partners (polygamy polygamy also increases the risk of women to men)
- Smoking (active or passive)
- Diet (of fruits and vegetables in the diet may increase the risk of cervical cancer if the ratio is less)
- The large number of birth
- Low socioeconomic level
- The use of birth control pills (especially the last 5 years for long-term use)
Cervical cancer is the most common symptom of irregular vaginal bleeding female menstrual. Bleeding can be excessive at times, although generally shaped like a small amount of spotting. May become more obvious after sexual intercourse. In advanced disease, foul-smelling vaginal discharge, urinary or rectal bleeding can be seen.
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A normal cervix exposure to HPV after an incubation period of 3-8 months following infection, shows the changes.
- These changes, as it can spontaneously go back to normal low-grade cervical lesions may develop into.
- Low-grade cervical Lesions, with 60% of patients as it can go and dropped back to normal within the next 2-3 years 15% 3-4 years with the influence of other carcinogens, moving, high-grade cervical lesions can turn into.
- High-grade cervical lesions in patients with 30-70% within 10 years of treatment that may lead to cancer.
What are the stages of cervical cancer?
- Stage I:the cancer is still limited to the cervix
- IA; can be seen with a biopsy microscopic cancer meant that only limited
- IB; cancer that can be seen with the naked eye during the inspection
- IB1: cancer is 4 cm smaller than
- Typical results from: the cancer is larger than 4 cm
- Stage II: spread beyond the cervix or cancer that has spread to the vagina and cervix soft tissue near the dome.
- Stage III:the Cancer has spread beyond the cervix, pelvic side wall or to the lower part of the vagina indicates. Swelling in the legs and/or may have developed a problem in the flow of urine.
- Stage IV: cancer of the cervix, and the spread of the aforementioned, or any area outside of the bladder or rectum that has spread to distant organs such as the liver and lungs.
Cervical cancer diagnostic methods.
PAP-smear test when applying, the brush with the help of a vaginal swab samples evaluated by pathologists in the normal – abnormal cell classification is done. The result of colposcopy examination should be done in suspicious cases. The cervix colposcopic technique with optically enlarged display positive finding is positive, a biopsy under colposcopy is performed.
Pathological examination of the biopsy disorder is detected in a limited surface cells, cervical cells should be removed with an operation. Tests and diagnosis and treatment may be sufficient.
If cervical cancer is detected by biopsy, determination of the size of the disease requires in order to determine the treatment options. The size of the tumor, propagation, in front of the urinary bladder and the large intestine at the back for the evaluation of the relationship of vaginal and rectal examination, MRI and pet/Sa can be made. Clearly the situation cannot be evaluated with ultrasound of cervical cancer.
Today, cervical cancer treatment methods
Cervical cancer is a disease that is usually spread regionally. Metastases are usually lymphatic pathways. Metastases through the blood vessels is less common.
In general, the disease is limited to the cervix in cases where it is treated with surgery. The width of the surgery, the patient’s age, the child’s request, determines the size and spread of the area of the tumor. According to need, starting with removal of the cervix of the uterus and to the left of the sample, the textures on the sides of the uterus (parametrium) and the upper part together with Vahe wide as 1/3 of removed pelvic and para-aortic lymph nodes to the surgery of the receipt of an expanding range of surgical techniques can be applied.
The sides of the cervix and uterus cancer go beyond the (parametric) when the cancer has spread, chemotherapy is the first treatment option. Located at the mouth of the womb, the tumor grows as the volume of patients in the treatment of chemo-radiation therapy as the first treatment option considered.
After the surgery, according to the results of pathological examination, positive surgical margin, or the spread of cancerous cells in the lymph nodes identified in patients with chemo-radiotherapy should be performed.
In cervical cancer the external (outside) added to pelvic radiotherapy and brachytherapy(radiotherapy, tumor or tumor bed closer to) cancer radiation to increase response rates and control is the technique of applying one other.