The pancreas in the upper abdomen, behind the stomach and the duodenum, that is located a long body. Gland releases secretions and acts as a vital organ. Because of the pancreas there are two different functions that are performed in the body has two different tissues. The first function, that divides in a way that the body can use the food to produce digestive enzymes. The other function is to produce hormone.
Three main disease related to the pancreas inflammation of the pancreas, type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Inflammation of the pancreas caused by several factors. Type 1 diabetes is an immune-related disease. An unhealthy lifestyle will cause frequently to the development of Type 2 diabetes.
The pancreas contains cells producing and secreting digestive enzymes.Enzymes into the duodenum through a tube called the pancreatic duct. The first part of the small intestine duodenum. When taken into the intestine, the digestive enzymes breaks the food into small pieces. Then these particles from the inner lining of the small intestine is absorbed into the bloodstream and distributed around the body to cells that need it.
Prosthetic pancreas digesting proteins, amylase to digest starch pancreatic lipase that help to digest fat and pancreatic digestive enzymes, including a type of produces. Enzymes from the pancreas is known as pancreatic juice and digestive enzymes, in addition to a fluid that contains sodium bicarbonate and water, released as part of. Sodium bicarbonate neutralizes the acidic material in the duodenum from the stomach.
The pancreas the pancreatic juice proteases in the digestion of proteins which form part of an ineffective way to prevent are released. Normally, non-activated proteases (K) and kimotripsinojen) does not become active until the duodenum. Here, the trypsin to digest the proteins in food and kimotripsin become.
The pancreas, called islets tissue of the pancreas includes stains. Each islet hormone-producing endocrine tissue that secretes them into the blood and the tissue. Two important pancreatic hormones are insulin and glucagon. Insulin is made by beta cells in the islets. Glucagon is made by alpha cells.
Insulin is a small protein that has a very important function. By attending to a receptor in the membrane that covers the cells of the body, helps to regulate blood sugar levels. When joined to the insulin receptor molecule, the membrane permeability differs by allowing glucose to enter into cells. As a result, your blood sugar level drops. Cells generate energy from glucose molecules. In the liver, glucose is converted into glycogen which is the storage form of energy that is absorbed.
Glucagon allows the liver glycogen into glucose molecules to disintegrate, and then enters the bloodstream to travel to cells. Therefore, glucagon raises the blood sugar level and insulin will have the opposite effect. In a healthy person, insulin and glucagon to maintain blood glucose level constant in the works. When glucose is absorbed from the blood is abundant and the level is released into the blood when it drops too.
Causes Of Acute Pancreatitis
Two common forms of pancreatitis, acute and chronic type. Acute pancreatitis is a sudden inflammation of the pancreas. Self-destroyed, instead of being in need of medical treatment. There are several possible causes of acute pancreatitis, but the two most common gallstones is the removal of blockage or passage of an excessive amount of alcohol.
When released from the gall bladder to the bile duct gall stone acute pancreatitis may develop. This channel is bile, from the liver moves into the gallbladder and the duodenum. On the surface of the duodenum the common bile duct, “vater bulb” to create a structure that is called the pancreatic duct joins. Bulb Vater in the gallstones, pancreatic pancreatic juice in the pancreas by blocking the opening of the channel is collected. Excessive content causes swelling and inflammation of the pancreas, and fruit juice. The digestive enzymes in fruit juice may be active and may damage the tissue.
Acute pancreatitis drink alcohol, after a few hours may develop. Less common causes of acute pancreatitis among certain drugs or infections, injury to the pancreas, high blood fat levels (hyperlipidemia) or high blood calcium levels (hypercalcemia). Periods of acute pancreatitis in people with cystic fibrosis can be seen.
Possible symptoms and treatment
A common symptom of acute pancreatitis is abdominal pain, pain exacerbated. Pain may radiate to the back. Nausea, vomiting, fever and rapid pulse. In severe cases, dehydration and low blood pressure may be.
Acute pancreatitis treatment depends on the severity of the attack. Medical help should be taken. The patient is usually given strong pain killers. Of gallstones may need to be taken, and antibiotics if infection is present can be used. Other supportive measures such as intravenous fluids may be necessary in severe cases. May need surgical intervention to remove damaged pancreatic tissue.
Certain medications can cause pancreatitis is suspected, the drug will probably need to be replaced. You may need to reduce the level of calcium in blood lipids or blood a drug. After the attack of acute pancreatitis patients not to take alcohol, and low-fat diet is recommended.
In chronic pancreatitis, the pancreas becomes inflamed constantly. Is filled with scar tissue and the pancreas are destroyed gradually. The most common cause of chronic pancreatitis is prolonged alcohol abuse. Chronic or recurring hyperlipidemia and hypercalcemia, and certain inherited conditions such as cystic fibrosis, chronic pancreatitis can also cause some immune status.
Chronic pancreatitis symptoms of acute pancreatitis are similar to the symptoms, but in addition the patient is usually lose weight. The reason for this is to create enough digestive enzymes the pancreas. Without enzymes, food cannot be digested. If digested food can be absorbed. The patient also may be diarrhea or fatty stools. If you develop diabetes, the beta cells in the pancreas are destroyed. The pancreatic duct and block it, it will create calcium stones. Individuals are at increased risk of pancreatic cancer in chronic pancreatitis.
People with symptoms that might indicate the presence of pancreatitis, or diabetes should consult a doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
The two main types of diabetes include. These type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Insulin-dependent diabetes known as juvenile diabetes or type 1 diabetes always requires insulin treatment and usually first seen in children and teenagers. However, sometimes in the elderly may occur. In North America, approximately ten percent of people with diabetes has Type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes, non-insulin-dependent diabetes or adult-onset diabetes is also referred to as. “Adult-onset” is no longer an appropriate term is not considered because young people, especially when they are overweight can develop Type 2 diabetes. In North America there are about ninety percent of people with diabetes Type 2 diabetes.
Disease and immune-related type 1 diabetes
In Type 1 diabetes, the pancreas no longer make insulin does not. Disorder, immune-related condition or your immune system mistakenly attacking the body’s own tissues instead of bacteria and other microbes is a condition. The immune system attacks the beta cells in the islets of Langerhans and destroys them. The patient’s own cells to produces antibodies.
Of the body attacked the pancreas and why is unknown. Of cases, it is assumed that it is partly genetically controlled, but to encourage the immune system to attack the pancreas, scientists think it should be another trigger in genetically susceptible individuals. Suspected to be a trigger, some viruses Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus, rubella virus, and coxsackievirus.
Type 1 diabetes symptoms of frequent urination, increased thirst, hunger, fatigue, and weight loss. There may be blurred vision and tingling in the feet. May be slow to heal wounds.
Insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes
Insulin resistance, the body’s normal insulin become less sensitive to the situation name. For a while, the pancreas produces more insulin to overcome the insulin resistance. As a result, the pancreas can not produce enough insulin for the body’s needs. At this point, insulin resistance, Type 2 diabetes has become. This type of diabetes in which the pancreas makes insufficient amounts of insulin and one’s body can’t appropriately use the insulin that is produced.
Inheritance plays a role in Type 2 diabetes. The Shape of this having a close relative with diabetes increases a person’s risk of developing the disease. Lifestyle also greatly affects the likelihood of developing the disease at the same time. Risk factors include being over the age of forty, being overweight, high blood pressure and high blood cholesterol.
Older people maintaining a healthy diet and lifestyle is very important, because this will greatly reduce the chances of developing Type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes symptoms often are similar to those for Type 1 diabetes. In the early stages of the disease, the symptoms can be controlled with diet and exercise. Unfortunately, type 2 diabetes is a progressive disease.
The Importance Of The Treatment
Type 1 and type 2 diabetes cannot be cured, but it can be successfully managed. The aim is to prevent the development of complications of diabetes or at least delay them. These complications nerve, kidney and eye damage, circulation problems, heart disease, foot, skin and mouth problems includes the development of. Also diabetes, osteoporosis, and hearing problems may also increase.
Other Forms Of Diabetes
It does not fall into the category of Type 1 or type 2 diabetes, some types of. Gestational diabetes is a temporary condition that develops during pregnancy in some women. The cause of the situation is unclear. Chemical substances that are released by the placenta in the mother’s body are thought to occur by interfering the effect of insulin increases your blood sugar level. Gestational diabetes can be treated. This treatment is important to protect the developing baby.
Certain medications and hormonal problems, diabetes can produce.