What is a wart and how it passes ?

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Warts are skin growths in the skin and body areas infected with a virus in the human papilloma virus (HPV) virus family, and there are more than one hundred different types of HPV. Verruca is a medical term for warts. The main symptom of human papilloma virus infection is that it triggers the overgrowth of skin cells. While these affected areas appear thick, hard and rough, some types of warts appear flat and smooth. Warts can form anywhere on the body, but are usually seen on hands and feet. Warts are benign, ie they are not cancerous, but they are contagious. Most HPV types cause non-genital warts. Other types cause genital warts. Some types of HPV increase the risk of cervical cancer.

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Who Warts Occur and Is Contagious?

Human papilloma viruses that cause warts are very contagious. The virus spreads easily from skin to skin. Whether or not a wart occurs when someone else comes into contact with a wart depends on several factors, including the strength of the immune system. If the skin has a wound, warts are more likely to spread. Children with frequent cuts and abrasions are at risk of wart transmission. That is, people who cut their nails, cut the gums or tear them with a tooth are at higher risk.

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Weakened Immune System

Some people are at high risk for warts because of their weakened immune systems. Young people with conditions that weaken their immune systems, such as HIV, and people taking biological drugs that suppress the immune system are at high risk for warts. It can be prescribed for biological inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriasis and other autoimmune conditions. These drugs suppress the immune system, so people taking them are at high risk for viral infections and warts.

How do they transmit?

Skin to skin contact is a common route of transmission. Anyone who touches an infected person’s wart can easily pick up the virus and develop warts. Viruses can also be transmitted by objects shared between people, such as razors and towels. The virus grows in hot, humid areas; therefore, dressing rooms, shower stalls and pool areas, soles of the feet and other parts of the body are locations where the warts can easily spread. Warts on the soles of the feet are called plantar warts.

Common Properties of Warts

It is a common skin problem called general warts. These skin-colored dome-like lesions are most commonly found on the fingers and hands, especially around the nails. They can also be found in the feet. These warts are usually hard and bumpy. Sometimes they have black spots that look like seeds. These are small blood vessels with blood clotting. Common warts can be seen on small areas of the skin, such as around the nails, caused by nail bites. If you have a virus, it is very easy to transfer it to the face. The common name for common warts is verruca vulgaris.

Wart Types

The main known types of warts are as follows:

Plantar Warts

These are warts on the sole of the foot, giving the feeling that there are pebbles in the shoe. Plantar warts (verruca) are seen in soles, usually in weight bearing areas such as heels, and grow in the skin due to walking and standing. If these foot warts are seen in clusters, this is called mosaic warts. Mosaic warts are hard, thick and flat. They can be similar and can be mistaken. There may be black spots on plantar warts. HPV virus, which causes plantar warts, grows in warm and humid environments. Slippers should be used in the pool, dressing room or shared showers to reduce the risk of getting plantar warts.

Flat Warts

Flat Warts - What is a wart and how it passes  ?Flat warts are smaller than other types, but they tend to occur in large numbers. It is not uncommon for someone affected by flat warts to have it at a rate of 20 to 100 at a time. Women can see these warts on their legs. In males, it is more likely to occur in beard areas, while children are also visible in these warts. Flat warts are unique compared to other warts because they indicate their names are flat.

Filiform Warts

Filiform warts grow very quickly and have a spiny appearance. The small protrusions from these warts are similar to threads, finger-like protrusions and even brushes. The places where these warts proliferate include the eye area, nose and mouth. These warts can make people feel conscious, but they are usually painless. These warts can be brown, yellow, pink or skin color. Avoid touching these facial warts and seek treatment to avoid getting into new places.

Genital Warts

Genital Warts e1560338777642 - What is a wart and how it passes  ?Genital warts are transmitted by sexual contact with someone who already has one of them, and these warts are caused by human papilloma virus (HPV). Warts may be outside the reproductive organs. Some types of cancer cause lesions to grow in the cervix of a woman. Genital warts have a cauliflower-like appearance and resemble skin-colored protrusions. Genital warts, HPV infection, may occur even if they do not appear. Potentially cancer-causing types of HPV are spread through sexual intercourse, anal sex and oral sex.

When do warts disappear?

Warts are caused by members of the human papilloma virus family. Once the warts have formed, the immune system attempts to neutralize the virus and the warts can last for several months or up to 2 years before they disappear completely. In adults, warts can last longer than in children, and sometimes warts never disappear completely. In some cases of warts, doctors may not be able to identify why warts have not disappeared.

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What can be done at home to get rid of warts?

Warts often go on their own without ultimately doing anything. If you do not treat warts, they may grow further or spread to new areas and infect others. Treatment for warts depends on the type of wart, the age of the patient and the state of health. Sometimes warts, including the causes of HPV infection, disappear and may reappear later. Applications in the treatment of warts are as follows:

Salicylic acid

Salicylic acid e1560338743785 - What is a wart and how it passes  ?Over-the-counter salicylic acid treatments slowly dissolve warts, but the process is time consuming. The product should be applied daily for several weeks. Before application, the area where the warts are immersed in warm water and softened, then the area is dried. It uses a disposable sanding board to sand the warts, discards the sanding sheet and uses a new one after each use. If used repeatedly, the virus caused by the wart can spread to new areas. After sanding the wart, salicylic acid is applied and it should be stable. This may take several months, but eventually the wart disappears. Salicylic acid is available in liquid and gel form or in the form of salicylic pads.

Duct Tape Application

An effective drug for silver tape wart can be used, sold at the hardware store or hardware store. Some people have tried to find that coating the warts with silver tape helps them to disappear slowly, but experts do not agree whether this solution works. Only a wart is placed on the duct tape and allowed to remain open for several days. Some layers of the wart can be removed when the peeling phase is reached. The warty area is wetted and sanded with a disposable sanding board. The sanding plate must be discarded after use to prevent the spread of the virus. And a new piece of duct tape is applied over the wart.

When should we get help from the expert?

Warts are benign skin lesions, but they can become more severe skin conditions such as skin cancer. If any of the following cases or a few gözlenneniy an expert is necessary to consult with your doctor: 
• When it is certain that a wart is a wart and if there are concerns that there might be something more serious it 
• If it is noticed that the warts on the genitals 
• If a large number of warts 
• Bleeding, itching, If the 
person has a weak immune system or diabetes, the wart should not be attempted to be treated on its own. This can be dangerous and can do more harm than good.

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Treatment Methods

Today, the methods used by experts in the treatment of warts are known as follows:

Freezing Treatment

wart Freezing Treatment e1560338706237 - What is a wart and how it passes  ?Cryotherapy is a procedure used by doctors to freeze common warts with liquid nitrogen. The procedure is suitable for older children and adults with warts. Because it can be a bit painful, cryotherapy is not used in young children. You may need several cryotherapy sessions to effectively freeze warts. Liquid nitrogen freezing works best when combined with other wart treatments. The area should be allowed to heal and followed by applying salicylic acid. Dark-skinned people may receive mild spots on the areas treated with cryotherapy.

Cantharidine Treatment

Cantharidine is a liquid wart treatment where the wart is stained and triggers blister formation. In about a week the blister dries, drops and disappears with the wart. Cantharidine is a good wart treatment for children because drug administration is painless. People taking topical medication may experience tingling, burning, swelling or itching in the area a few hours after administration.

Cutting and Burning Treatment

Some warts, especially filiform warts, plantar warts and common warts, can be treated by cutting or burning. The official name of such treatment is electrosurgery (burning) and curettage (scraping). The two procedures are usually used together. First, the doctor will numb the area to be treated. Later, the doctor uses an electric tool to burn the wart, and sometimes laser treatment is used. Abortion involves the use of a knife or spoon-shaped device to remove warts. Removal means cutting or slicing warts using a sharp tool.

Prescription Topical Treatments

Some warts may require prescription treatments. Topical creams such as salicylic acid, tretinoin, and glycolic acid can help peel off wart layers. Immunostimulating creams containing imiquimod (Aldara) and diphyphronron (DCP) can promote shrinkage and loss of warts and topical 5-fluorouracil inhibits the growth of extra cells that form a wart. It is a cancer drug that prevents the growth of tumors. If there is a wart that does not respond to treatments, it should be reported to the doctor.

Injectable Drugs

Bleomycin is an injectable drug that the doctor can use to treat stubborn warts that do not respond to other treatments. Bleomycin is a cancer drug that interferes with the production of infected cells. Interferon is another drug that can be injected into warts that do not respond to other interventions and can be used for genital warts, so they can better fight HPV infection. These injectable drugs are typically used when other treatments fail. Doctors may also recommend the use of topical salicylic acid or duct tape in a wart.

Acupuncture Treatment

Acupuncture involves the placement of fine needles at meridian points in the body. In a small study, slightly more than one-third of those who received 30-minute acupuncture sessions per week for 4 weeks completely recovered from permanent warts compared to sham treatment. The survivors of the warts did not experience any recurrence during the 3-month follow-up period. The researchers think that the immune enhancing properties of acupuncture are responsible for the benefits. The study was small and further studies are needed to confirm the effectiveness of acupuncture for warts.

How can the risk of warts be reduced?

Even if people cannot completely protect yourself against warts, there are things they can do to reduce their risk of occurrence and spread. The wart area of ​​a person with a wart should never be touched. An individual with a wart should never touch the area of ​​the warts because it may cause the wart to be moved to other areas. After applying wart treatment, hands should be washed thoroughly, and if there are plantar warts, the feet should be kept dry. Care should be taken to use flip-flops when spending time in hot, humid areas such as public pools, public showers and changing rooms.

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