What is chemotherapy ?

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What is chemotherapy?

To be treated with chemotherapy drugs. An important part of treatment in conjunction with surgery and radiation therapy.

Chemotherapy is trying to kill or stop the growth of tumor cells with the tumor. Sometimes one, sometimes several drugs are given in different ways.

Description of chemotherapy

Chemotherapy or medical Oncology medical Oncology is the branch of science that deals with this field of working in PhD, medical oncologist (Medical Oncologist) is called.

Medical Oncology is a separate specialty; an internal medicine specialist medical oncologist who specializes in the treatment of tumors. Tumor therapy is a team and should be performed in all members of this team.

The tumor in this team related to expert surgeon surgery, radiation therapy (radiotherapy) radiation oncologists with chemotherapy and patient care (supportive care) with a medical oncologist should include.

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What is the purpose of chemotherapy application?

For different reasons it may be combined according to tumor and patient characteristics.

  • In order to heal completely and to destroy the tumor
  • To prevent the spread of the tumor
  • To slow it down or stop the growth of tumor
  • To destroy a liver

It is an effective treatment, although in some cases, the tumor can not be completely but can provide a more comfortable life for the patient by correcting the signs.

For some tumors, chemotherapy is the only treatment. For others, chemotherapy, other treatments (surgery and radiotherapy), after or simultaneously applied.

Chemotherapy drugs with which it is applied?

Intravenously (most commonly used)

Intravenous chemotherapy drugs are usually given into kit serum or serum by mixing various time periods. Long-term applications, hospitalization may be necessary.


Sometimes you get chemotherapy at home, done with the pills. In this case, you understand well how to use your pills, you don’t understand anything you should ask your doctor. If any side effects occur, inform your doctor.

Can be applied to body cavities

Chemotherapy depending on the location and status of the disease, sometimes the abdominal cavity, into the bladder and into the lining of the lung can be applied. In this way, necessarily a center and a medical oncologist should be performed by applications.

Does not shed hair from chemo? What should be done?

Temporary hair loss as a side effect of chemotherapy treatment given after 2-3 weeks from the start of that begins, depends on the type and dose of chemotherapy. At the end of chemotherapy treatment, the hair grows back. There may be changes in hair color and structure, but after a while it corrects itself. Do not allow this situation to disrupt your mental balance. Wig, bandana, hat with accessories such as temporary solutions you can find.

How to choose chemotherapy for the treatment of the medication to be given?

The choice of the type of tumor medicine, prevalence of the condition, the patient’s age, general condition and other existing diseases (heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes and kidney disease) according to is performed by a medical oncologist. Of selected drugs the dose and the frequency of application also by a medical oncologist, is decided in consideration of many different factors.

Any other medicines to be taken during chemotherapy treatment is problematic?

Some drugs that may impair the effects of chemotherapy drugs can cause serious side effects by interacting with each other. Before you begin chemo in the home that is used the name of each medication, the dosage and how often taken are to be forwarded it is extremely important that the doctor or nurse. That are not considered drugs such as aspirin, painkillers, cold remedies, herbal remedies, nutritional supplements and vitamins may interact with medications such as chemotherapy, it should be noted that also. During the treatment, any medicine without asking the doctor should not be used.

There are chemotherapy side effects?

Killing rapidly dividing cells, chemotherapy can damage normal cells, which also features this kind of. Such cells and bone marrow, digestive system, reproductive system, and hair follicles found in this region can be seen in more side effects.

The most common side effects are nausea, vomiting, hair loss and fatigue. Consists of side effects of chemotherapy and disappears when your treatment is complete.

What are the side effects of chemotherapy?

Fatigue and anemia

The bone marrow chemotherapy reduces the ability of red blood cells by disrupting oxygen transport in the body. Sufficient oxygen needs are not met when you can see the functionality of the tissues this condition is called anemia. Fatigue, dizziness, shortness of breath.

Anemia (anemia)

Anemia don’t have enough red blood cells in the body and make yourself tired, you feel weak and sluggish or chest pain, palpitations, shortness of breath, can cause symptoms such as dizziness.

Germ contamination and infection

Chemotherapy, to reduce a white sphere that help fight germs, microbes can emerge more easily. You will need to protect more so than usual.

Hair loss

Not all the time, but it is a common side effect. Your doctor will give you information on whether the medicines you use hair of pour would pour. Feathers in hair loss may disturb you emotionally; don’t hesitate to share your feelings on this.

Loss of appetite

Your appetite may be reduced during chemotherapy treatment. This condition, weight loss can lead to weakness and fatigue.

To whet your appetites, consider the following recommendations

  • Eat in a peaceful environment with your family and friends.
  • Choose protein foods.
  • Closes your appetite, mouth sores, nausea, such as if there are problems try to fix them.
  • Feeding on foods with high nutritional value during periods when you feel good about yourself and gather strength.
  • Note that you need to appetite or eat.

Nausea and vomiting

Complaints due to chemotherapy is one of the most important. Chemotherapy, your stomach and may cause vomiting and vomiting Center in the brain related to affect.

What are the necessary examinations for the evaluation of the side effects?

Blood count

Made by bone marrow that help fight germs and white spheres, oxygen-carrying hemoglobin, platelets and blood clotting that stops bleeding by showing the number of test.


Kidney, bladder and whether there is any problem in the urinary tract in the urine, sometimes fresh and can be understood with some tests that look in your urine for 24 hours. If your doctor deems it necessary, the examination must be repeated.

Biochemical blood tests

Whether it works or not normally looked at our organs, blood urea, creatinine, diabetes, liver enzymes and some biochemical values such as is understood. Each of the side effects of chemotherapy vary.

Your doctor will ask for different biochemical tests according to the type of chemotherapy that is used. These are usually 1 day before or day after chemotherapy necessarily come to your appointment on the specified date.


Chemotherapy depending on the drug, a decrease in platelet counts can be detected. When it is low platelets, the tendency to Bleed increases.

Low platelet count measures that you can take:

  • Any medication without consulting your doctor (and pain relievers including aspirin) do not take.
  • Do not use alcoholic beverages unless your doctor give you permission.
  • To establish a sexual relationship.
  • You can protect yourself.
  • Do not use a razor, Electric razor prefer.
  • Scissors, be careful when using knives and other sharp instruments.
  • Don’t walk with bare feet.
  • Brush your teeth with a soft toothbrush. Dental floss and toothpicks, do not use.

If you start bleeding if

To the bleeding area with a clean towel, apply pressure firmly until bleeding stops.

If there is bleeding under the skin

The application of ice to the area for 20 minutes.

Careful with what you eat and your drinks

  • You may need to choose foods with a high protein value. Meat, eggs and peanut butter are good choices.
  • You may need to choose foods of iron. Red meat, Yesil leafy vegetables (such as spinach), beans and legumes are good choices.

By which food and beverages to find out which is right for you, consult with your doctor.

The Side Effects Of Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy drugs affect normal cells while destroying unwanted cells of the body. In normal cells the affected will vary according to the drugs used and how the body reacts. For this reason, it is difficult to make predictions about specific side effects for each patient; this may vary from person to person. Constipation, diarrhea, and edema increase the risk of infection some of the effects.


To be less than the frequency of defecation stool hardening and constipation be painful and annoying. Some chemotherapy drugs, inactivity and eating less can cause constipation.

To prevent constipation

  • – Fiber and-fiber foods (whole-grain bread, muesli, fruit, vegetables, nuts, dried legumes) prefer.
  • In order to increase bowel movements drink plenty of fluids.
  • Light exercise and walking for 15-30 minutes will also be useful in relieving your constipation.


There may be changes in the order of treatment in the process of defecation. Within some limits this is insignificant but if the diarrhea lasts longer, or if it is severe or painful, let your doctor know.

Consider the following recommendations in order to control the diarrhea

  • Easy to digest foods (bananas, applesauce, white rice, boiled potatoes, pastas, white bread etc) you prefer.
  • Diarrhea relief medication recommended by your doctor regularly use.

May increase the risk of infection

Chemotherapy, a white blood cell that help fight germs (leukocyte) to reduce the risk of infection increases during chemotherapy treatment can be seen. Some measures to reduce this risk it is possible.

  • Hands, face, mouth, and pay attention to body hygiene. Wash your hands frequently. You can take a shower. Use soap and water. When necessary, you can use disinfectant fluids.
  • From the root of your nails cut, get my nails done.
  • Brush your teeth with a soft-bristled toothbrush in the morning and in the evening.
  • Try to avoid taking damage.


Chemotherapy may cause payment. Leads to the payment of certain types of cancer. Face, arm, leg, edema in the lower abdomen are detected, consult a doctor.

The following suggestions may be helpful in the prevention of swelling

  • Comfortable, loose clothing, shoes prefer to squeeze.
  • When you find the opportunity, reaching out and relax, lift your feet higher.
  • Do not consume excessive salty foods.
  • Sit for a long time, more walking.

Killing rapidly dividing cells, chemotherapy can damage normal cells, which also features this kind of. Such cells and bone marrow, digestive system, reproductive system, and hair follicles in this region is located more to the side effects can be seen. Consists of side effects of chemotherapy and disappears when your treatment is complete.

Difficulty swallowing and mouth sores

Failure to renew the cells of the mouth and esophagus, the body to be more sensitive against germs, inadequate fluid intake, for reasons such as lack of oral hygiene during chemotherapy in the mucosa of the mouth and throat called mucositis.

These sores they are infected if they create great danger. Associated with this, dry mouth, chewing and swallowing difficulty may occur.

To cope with this

  • Pay particular attention to dental and oral hygiene. Before you begin chemo on your teeth for tooth decay and dental infections that may be probable see your doctor. May have bleeding problems after the start of chemotherapy to receive treatment because dental care can be difficult.
  • Brush your teeth with a soft toothbrush after each meal and before going to bed.
  • Choose soft foods.
  • Avoid very hot food.
  • Mouth and keep your lips moisturized.
  • Stay away from cigarettes and tobacco products.

Nutrition during chemotherapy treatment

Good nutrition during therapy in order to deal with the side effects of treatment, prevent infection and damaged due to the drug, are very important to speed up the healing of normal tissues. A good balanced diet contains all the nutrients that implementing a nutritional program.

Daily diet should contain foods from the following five main groups:

  • Two servings of fruits and vegetables
  • Meat, chicken, fish, eggs: 3 servings
  • Grains: 4 servings
  • Milk and milk products: 2 servings
  • Liquids (water, juices, Tea, Coffee, broth, and soups): 8-12 glasses

Nutrition during chemotherapy treatment-related considerations

  • Make sure you have items from all the main food groups in your diet.
  • Make sure the food is cooked well. Be particularly careful to keep the outside of the foods you get from is reliable.
  • Wash raw fruits and vegetables very well.
  • Due to the change effect of some chemotherapy drugs, do not eat grapefruit during treatment.
  • Take plenty of fluids.
  • Protein foods (meat, fish, dry beans, eggs.) make an effort to consume.
  • Try not to consume fatty foods.
  • A diet of boiled vegetables and try to eat.

source: neolife.com
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