Its abbreviated form of “DVT” called deep vein thrombosis, a blood clot in the large veins of the legs or pelvic area, or thrombus formation occurs. DVT can be painless and some, and some are quite painful. Rapid diagnosis and treatment most of a DVT is not life-threatening. However invisible “life-threatening blood clot in a deep vein. Large, a clot that occurs in the deep veins is more likely to be in the minority and the release of vascular. This is called embolism. A pass through it and settled into a pulmonary artery embolism of the legs or pelvic area, the situation if not immediately diagnosed and treated, a potentially fatal condition “pulmonary embolism” or TH consists of.
Symptoms of DVT
About half of patients with DVT do not have recognizable symptoms. The most common symptom is leg pain and tenderness in the calf muscles. Also swelling in the legs or a leg may turn purple or blue color. These signs and symptoms may occur suddenly or may develop over a short time. If any of these symptoms is observed, a doctor should be consulted immediately. A clot can break off and goes to the lungs, pulmonary (lung) embolism causes if the symptoms would be different. Pulmonary embolism (th) symptoms of chest pain, shortness of breath, rapid pulse or in the form of a cough. Also in patients with a feeling of anxiety, sweating or fainting can be seen. Only these symptoms is not specific to PE, pneumonia, heart attacks and other medical conditions may occur. All these are the symptoms that require immediate medical attention always critical.
The most common signs and symptoms of a DVT
The following symptoms can develop slowly or suddenly and should go to the hospital immediately if you notice any.
*Sudden swelling in a limb
*Pain or tenderness
*The skin felt hot tapping
*Fullness of the veins just under the skin
*Discoloration (blue, red or very pale)
Common Symptoms Of Pulmonary Embolism
TH can be fatal. PE should be suspected if they experienced the following signs or symptoms, seek immediate medical attention.
*Shortness of breath
*Sudden chest pain
*A feeling of anxiety
*Bloody sputum (coughing up blood)
Persons and events may vary according to the symptoms of Deep Vein Thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Some people also dizziness, or back pain may experience symptoms such as wheezing rare.
How Is It Diagnosed?
Venography for the diagnosis of patients with complaints due to a DVT, compression ultrasonography, MRI, CT imaging, such as the use of tools. These methods are simple, painless, safe and are widely used. Clotting is an indication of a new “D-dimer” is also available for the measurement of a specific blood test. If the test is negative to rule out this DVD. Different tests are performed for the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism.
The causes of DVT
D. V. T., basic conditions, usually a combination of two or three underlying causes.
*Slow blood flow in the deep veins
*Blood clotting tendency quickly
*In the inner walls of veins are irritation, inflammation, or injury
There are various reasons that can reveal the process of abnormal clotting. They constantly have to lie to the exposure (or after a surgical operation for reasons such as heart attack or stroke), air or by land is to remain immobile during the journey without walking for a long time. Similar stories in people who have experienced a blood clot before your parents or siblings can be experienced. Active in people with cancer being treated for cancer or blood clot that can cause can occur.
Especially who have undergone hip and knee orthopedic surgery or long-term bed rest are more prone to undergoing the blood clotting that requires a surgical procedure. A leg vein (vein) a major accident occurs due to irritation or inflammation of the skin when it is wounded by medical procedures or. Congestive heart failure, severe obesity, chronic respiratory failure, a history of smoking, varicose veins, pregnancy and estrogen therapy increases the risk of mechanisms such as a DVD. Those who feared that they might be at risk must go to a health care provider without wasting time.
Both are treated with blood thinners both DVD th. The main goal of treatment is to prevent the formation of pulmonary emboli. Anticoagulants (blood thinners) drugs called reduces the blood’s ability to clot, prevents the growth of blood clots. Drug use also prevents the formation of new clots, clots that have already formed but break apart. The clot helps to solve the body’s natural systems to varying degrees.
Anticoagulant therapy, helps prevent the formation of clots and reduces the risk of pulmonary embolism. This treatment intravenously or by subcutaneous injection which can be given on a more frequent basis than heparin, then, given orally on an outpatient basis and consists of warfarin sustainable.
Health care providers also may recommend using intravenous thrombolysis agent that can dissolve clots. This procedure a catheter is passed through the clot and the clot that solves one of the drugs is injected into. A solvent clot, deep vein thrombosis, catheter slowly injected in the area with numerous small punctures. Sometimes softened clots are removed with a small vacuum. Clot after he left, stenting or balloon angioplasty to open the narrowed vein, but this is only to be found in the first vessels in the pelvic region is common. With this approach the patient’s existing clots dissolve while new anticoagulant drugs to prevent the formation of a blood clot (heparin).
To resolve the clot but the clot are valid reasons that solves the few patients with drugs that cannot be used clots be removed through a small incision in the groin is recommended. Both of these approaches is used to resolve and return to normal but the clot the venous system involves additional risk and expense. Therefore, the appropriate is applied by vascular specialists. Both techniques usually associated with the removal of the clot in the absence of a more serious disease, only applied to patients who have large clots in the veins of the leg.
Sometimes the swelling that will occur due to DVT caused by damage to the vein to treat and prevent skin changes that are a prescription to a patient to wear socks (stockings), you are prompted for. Skin changes, dermatitis, changes in skin color, scars and ulcers. In this case, “post-thrombotic syndrome” is called. Long stockings and the swelling of the veins of the legs and thus prevents DVT.
Tips to prevent DVT
*Don’t sit for a long time
*Raise your legs if you need to sit down for a while
*You’re on a plane for more than four hours get up and walk the aisles, move your foot up and down, smoke
*If you are flying in large quantities for soft drinks
*Don’t forget to drink water, six cups per day for
*Elastic graded compression stockings for long plane trips or need medication talk to your doctor about
*If you have varicose veins (especially if you are pregnant) use support stockings
*Legs or around the waist narrowed, printing, garments (stockings, elastic bands and wear comfortable clothing you prefer