What Is Hallucination
Feelings that are experienced without an external stimulus with the characteristics of true perception, perceptions are called hallucinations. So, people sensitive to unrealistic perceptions. Hallucinations are very vivid and concrete.
Imagine as you see is quite different from the facts because you do not have to be asleep, with the imitation of real perception hallucinations and hallucinations are the result of a liar, they have nothing to do.
Hallucinations visual, auditory, through taste, through smell, deep sensory, balance, pain, heat-related and may be with the perception of time, and may include all perceptions and senses.
During a hallucination, people can see some things, you can hear the raucous sounds. Is common in patients with schizophrenia, especially auditory hallucinations. This sounds can be benign or malignant, so people may say good things or bad things.
The word ” hallucination “in Latin uluçınar” so the word is derived from the journey of the mind.
What are the types of hallucinations?
1) visual hallucinations
Included in this group are things that aren’t actually there to see. Some people objects, visual textures, people, lights and abstract entities can see. The person or persons that can see someone else has seen the light clusters.
2) olfactory hallucinations
Also called olfactory hallucinations hallucinations of this kind, which is related to the sense of smell. People wake up in the middle of the night and you can get a bad smell or bad smell of the body may be misled to believe. These fragrances cannot be other than the person. The person also can detect pleasant odors like the smell of chichewa.
3) Gustatory hallucinations
These delusions is related to the person’s sense of taste. People often feel different or unpleasant flavors. Mostly metallic, rust like the taste of discerning tastes, is a common condition in patients with epilepsy.
4) auditory hallucinations
Such hallucinations are the most common. The person spoke to him or you can hear someone telling him to do things. This voice, speaking angry, calm, unemotional, or you can be happy. At the same time rattling noises, it is possible to hear sounds such as footsteps.
5) tactile hallucinations
The person can sense some feelings such as the sense of touch or movement in his body. For example, the sensation of insects crawling feeling in the body or internal organs that is moving is appreciable. In the body, the person could feel someone else’s hands.
6) Temporary hallucinations
As the name implies, this type of hallucinations are not chronic. People stressful, sad times they are experienced and they are not permanent. A favorite that when he died, a long-lasting relationship when you quit, etc. in cases of hearing voices or seeing images it is normal to staccato. Alleviate the person’s pain has subsided after these hallucinations or stress disappears.
May cause hallucinations.
Seventy per cent of visual hallucinations most people with this condition lives, can hear sounds between sixty and ninety percent. However, in addition to a part is actually non-scents and flavors you can hear.
2) Parkinson’s disease
About half of Parkinson’s patients experiencing visual hallucinations, so you actually are not there sees things.
3) Alzheimer’s disease and dementia
Some changes in the brain leads to such diseases. The changes observed in the structure of the brain may cause hallucination to be seen. When more advanced disease increases the likelihood of hallucinations.
Approximately one third of patients with migraine in “migraine with aura” migraine is close to a variety of called. This colorful Halo light clusters to be seen during migraine attacks and may cause cancer.
5) brain tumor
Depending on the location in the brain, some brain tumors can cause hallucinations of different types. If in the brain related to the sense of sight is part of these tumors can cause visual hallucinations. People can see some point or the light clusters. Tumor-induced gustatory and olfactory hallucinations may also occur.
6) Charles bonnet syndrome
This disease, macular degeneration, glaucoma, causing eye diseases such as cataracts, can cause hallucinations. People can see different shapes and the lights that it wasn’t true, whether or not in time can see.
During epileptic seizures, patients may experience hallucinations. Depending on the type of epilepsy, the brain may be affected by various locations and different types of hallucination can be experienced.
8) substance use
Hallucinations are one of the most common reasons of substance abuse. Some people after consuming too much alcohol or after using drugs such as cocaine, is experiencing visual and auditory hallucinations. Hallucinogens drugs such as LSD and PCP cause hallucinations also.
Without enough sleep, the person can cause hallucinations. No sleep for a long period of time or small amounts over a few days, it increases the possibility of sleep hallucinations.
10) hypnagogic hallucinations
Before you fall asleep, the hallucinations between sleep and wakefulness nearly 37 per cent of the population, affecting, and such as every two weeks, are common. It may take a few seconds or minutes of such hallucinations, people thinks it real. This condition can be associated with narcolepsy disease. However, in periods of stress can be experienced.
Treatment of hallucinations
A primary health care professional should be consulted for treatment. After you find the cause of hallucinations your doctor, will determine treatment. The most common treatment.
1) drug therapy
Depending on the underlying cause, the person taking the medication can be applied. For example, alcoholics and hallucinating and so you are in alcohol withdrawal if you are prescribed a medication to relax your nervous system slow down and might. The cause of Parkinson’s disease or dementia if hallucinations are the same kind of drugs will be useful. In cases of mental disorders and epilepsy, drug therapy is applied.
2) psychological treatment
In some patients, psychological counseling and professional psychological support may be needed. If the underlying cause such as schizophrenia is a mental disturbance if it is to talk with an expert, it is very important to understand what’s going on and get help. Your doctor can teach you methods to cope with it, cope with fear and paranoia can help.