Lung cancer in the lung is structurally normal lung tissue cells multiply out of control and a mass (tumor) begins with creating. This mass is located primarily in the environment where it thrives, the surrounding tissue or distant organs at a later stage to work through the circulation (liver, bone, brain, etc.) can spread and cause damage. Lung cancer , which causes death in all cancer types among men first, women second cancer. In the world every year, approximately 1.3 million people die due to lung cancer. But a newly developed lung cancer treatment methods with life expectancy and quality has increased.
What are the symptoms of lung cancer?
Until it reaches a very advanced stage lung cancer symptoms the disease may not lead to any significant complaints. Progress without symptoms of lung cancer, is the most important factor that makes this cancer so dangerous. Between symptoms suggesting that you have cancer;
Someone with cigarette use and related chronic bronchitis and seasonal cough and sputum continuation of complaints of increasing dyspnea, blood in sputum, especially in the back jabbing chest pain spreading to the shoulder or between your shoulder blades, which, inexplicable weight loss, hoarseness, wheezing, feeling very tired complaints that need to awaken suspicion for cancer.
In some people with lung cancer cough, wheezing, difficulty breathing, chest discomfort, despite in the early stages, the symptoms usually does not give rise to remarkable. Patients of different reasons, a chest X-ray or Sa can be diagnosed incidentally when a scan is performed.
What are the risk factors for lung cancer?
There are several risk factors that trigger the tumor in the lung to be seen. Cigarette, cigar and pipe use, passive smoking (people who are exposed to other people’s tobacco smoke), exposure to toxic gases, asbestos, air pollution and lung diseases (revised TB) is among the factors that increase the risk of developing the disease.
Once lung cancer the risk of recurrence of the disease, people with cancer and breathlessness. There are some risky occupations that predispose to tumor formation in the lungs. Miners, textile, insulation, Plastic Industry, petro-chemical, paint, mining and resource can be listed in this group with people who work at the shipyard.
What are the types of lung cancer?
Lung cancerdifferent treatment of the different cell types and are divided into two main groups that are in need of representing. There are different treatment methods for both groups:
- Non-small cell lung cancer (nsclc)
- Non-small cell lung cancer
Non-small cell lung cancer when diagnosed more rapidly progressive and often is a type of cancer with distant metastases. 85% of the patients with non-small cell lung cancer (nsclc), and 15% are small cell lung cancer.
Diagnostic methods of lung cancer affect?
On your lung mass to determine whether you have, your doctor will order one or more tests, X-ray or a lung CT . If your lung if it finds that the presence of abnormality on biopsy prior to PET/CT to evaluate the audience, and you will want to biopsy for the detection of the mass of the structure. A sample of tissue from the suspicious area in the lungs for biopsy to identify the disease is removed and examined under a microscope. A tissue sample can be taken from nearby lymph nodes.
- Bronchoscopy: a thin, lighted tube through the mouth is based on the examination of the air routes. The bronchial mucosa or tumor tissue from near the site questionable.
- Needle aspiration: a needle is inserted into the area of the chest wall tumor biopsy involves taking a small piece of tissue from the tumor. This process is made with radiological imaging.
- Thoracentesis: using a biopsy needle, is obtained from the fluid that surrounds the lungs.
Thoracotomy: a direct biopsy, surgical biopsy chest. Tests if the biopsy is determined by applying the patient’s lung cancer to be how far the cancer has spread (of the universe) uses.
What are the stages of lung cancer?
The staging of lung cancer, different methods can be used;
- CT – Computed Tomography
- MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging
- PET /CT – Positron Emission Tomography / Computed Tomography
- Bone scintigraphy
- Interventional procedures in the breast cancer and offers hope for lung cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes only when both indicates whether.
Non-small cell lung cancer limited disease and extensive staging. There are four stages for nsclc. When referring to local disease in Stage 1 and 2 stage 3 and 4 in the lymphatic system and has spread to distant organs through the bloodstream.
What are the treatment options for lung cancer?
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): the choice of treatment is related to the prevalence of disease. This group of cancers, surgery is the most common treatment. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy are also used to control symptoms and to slow the progress of the disease.
Non-small cell lung cancer (SCLC): in many cases, the disease is diagnosed when it has spread throughout other parts of the body. For this reason, surgical treatment, non-small cell lung cancer. The application of the cancer is usually chemotherapy to achieve the body you prefer. Treatment may also include radiation therapy, lung cancer to other parts of the body can be applied to improving cancer outcomes. Some patients have radiation therapy to the brain, if you have cancer, can also be applied. Do I need this treatment. This brain cancer (tumor) to prevent this from occurring is provided. Tumor size, and pathological type distribution, depending on one or more of the following treatments may be used:
- Surgical treatment (the tumor is in the lungs be removed by surgery)
- Chemotherapy(drug treatment); neoadjuvant (before surgery) and adjuvant (after surgery)
- Radiotherapy(radiation therapy)