What is lymphoma ?
The doctors are unsure as to the cause of lymphoma. Lymphoma, the lymphocytes (T-cells or B-cells) is a type of cancer that begins in. These are white blood cells that fight disease, which is part of the immune system. Lymphoma the lymphatic system, lymph vessels, and an abnormally large number of lymphocytes in other organs of the body occur.
Lymphoma cancer of the lymphatic system to fight with germs which is the body’s network.
The lymphatic system lymph nodes (lymph glands), spleen, thymus, and bone marrow. All this and lymphoma can affect other organs in the body.
What are the types of lymph cancer?
There are many types of lymphoma. The basic categories are:
- Hodgkin’s lymphoma
- Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
Which treatment is the best option for you depends on the type and severity of lymphoma. Treatment consists of chemotherapy, immunotherapy drugs, radiation therapy or bone marrow transplantation may include.
What are the types of lymph cancer?
- Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
- Cutaneous B-cell
- Cutaneous T-cell
- Hodgkin (Hodgkin’s disease)
- Makroglobulinemi of waldenstrom
What are the symptoms of lymphoma?
Signs and symptoms of lymphoma include the following:
- But can occur at any point of the body often the neck, armpit, or groin swollen lymph nodes in
- Night sweats
- Shortness of breath
- Weight loss
What are the causes of lymphoma?
The doctors are unsure as to the cause of lymphoma.
Lymphoma, lymphocyte-called disease-fighting cells with the development of a mutation in the genetic code will occur. This mutation leads to many saying that diseased cells multiply rapidly the cells continue to multiply.
Mutations, while the other cells die enables these cells to continue to live. This too many unhealthy and ineffective to your lymph nodes and causes swelling of the lymph nodes lymphocytes are not available.
What are the risk factors for lymph cancer?
Factors that increase the risk of lymphoma include the following:
- Advanced age. Increases your risk of associated with aging, but this disease can occur at any age. Some species are more common in young adults.
- Male gender. Lymphoma is more common in men than in women.
- Damaged immune system. Drugs that suppress the immune system or in people with immune system disease is more common in those who use it.
- The development of specific infections. Epstein-Barr virus is associated with an increased risk of lymphoma and certain infections such as Helicobacter pylori infection.
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
Chronic myelogenous leukemia (AML) blood and bone marrow –the spongy tissue inside of bones where blood cells are made cancer.
In chronic lymphocytic leukemia “chronic” typically stems from the fact that the term is moving slower than the other cell types. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia, “lymphoblastic”, the term the affected cells – a group of white blood cells called lymphocytes that help your body fight infections – income.
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia most commonly affects older adults. There are treatments that will help control this disease.
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Symptoms:
Many people with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia in its early stages has no symptoms. In the individual may experience the following signs and symptoms:
- Enlarged but painless lymph nodes
- An enlarged spleen can be caused by pain in the left upper region of the abdomen
- Night sweats
- Weight loss
- Frequent infections
The Causes Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia:
Doctors, they are not sure of the factors that initiated the process that causes chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Doctors, blood producing cells in the DNA of a genetic mutation that causes aware that there was something happening. This mutation of blood cells abnormal, ineffective lymphocytes – a type of white blood cell that helps the body fight infection – causes to produce.
These abnormal lymphocytes, beyond being ineffective, to live and continue to multiply after the death of normal lymphocytes. These abnormal lymphocytes accumulate in the blood and in certain organs can lead to complications. They can push out normal healthy cells of the bone marrow and affect blood cell production.
Doctors and researchers are trying to understand the exact mechanism that causes chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
What are the risk factors for lymph cancer?
Factors that increase your risk of chronic lymphocytic leukemia include the following:
- Is your age. Most people with the diagnosis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia are over the age of 60.
- Your race. Individuals who belong to other races, white people are more likely to catch chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
- The family have a history of blood and bone marrow cancer. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia or other blood and bone marrow in the family A History of cancer can increase your risk.
- Exposure to chemicals. Agent orange that was used during the Vietnam War, including certain herbicides and insecticides have been associated with increased risk of chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
What are the complications of lymph cancer?
In chronic lymphocytic leukemia may cause complications that resemble the following:
- Frequent infections. Often people with chronic lymphocytic leukemia may experience infection. In most cases, these infections are common infections of the upper and lower respiratory tract. However, sometimes more serious infections may cause.
- Turn into more aggressive forms of cancer. The cancer in patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with a more aggressive type called may occur. Doctors sometimes express this transition as Richter’s syndrome.
- An increase in the risk of other cancers. In people with chronic lymphocytic leukemia, like other cancers including melanoma skin cancer and lungs and could increase the risk of cancers of the digestive system.
- Immune system problems. In the patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia immune system disease-fighting cells to attack an immune system problem that causes the error with red blood cells or platelets can develop.
How are diagnosed with lymph cancer?
Bone Marrow Biopsy:
Tests and procedures that are used to diagnose lymphoma include the following:
- Physical examination. Your doctor can examine your body for signs of enlarged lymph nodes to look for.
- Removal of lymph nodes for examination. Your doctor for examination in the laboratory for the removal of all or a portion of a lymph node lymph node biopsy may suggest the process. Advanced tests to identify whether lymphoma cells are present in which cell types and of being held.
- Blood tests. You determine the number of cells in a blood sample from the blood tests that your doctor can give clues about your diagnosis.
- The removal of a sample of bone marrow for examination. Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy a bone marrow sample to obtain involves the removal of a needle into your hip bone. Lymphoma cells in this example is analyzed to search for.
- Imaging tests. Imaging tests can be used to search for signs of lymphoma in other areas of the body. In these tests, CT, MRI, and Positron Emission Tomography (PET) may include.
What is the treatment for lymphoma?
Your type of lymphoma and treatment options of lymphoma, and treatment depends on the degree of the goals of the attacker.
Treatments include the following:
- Active follow-up. Some types of lymphoma grow very slowly. Activities of daily living that affect your treatment you and your doctor to cause your signs and symptoms, you may decide to wait until you are. After this stage, you can enter to periodic tests for monitoring of your discomfort.
- Chemotherapy, which uses chemicals to kill cancer cells medication. Chemotherapy is usually given into a vein, but depending on the specific medication you receive, can be taken in pill form.
- Other drug therapies. Tedavi other drugs that are used for specific anomalies in cancer cells that allows them to continue their lives in your facility that focuses on targeted drugs. They use drugs to kill cancer cells immunotherapy your immune system.
- Radiation therapy. Radiation therapy to kill cancer cells X-rays and uses a powerful energy beam such as protons.
- Bone marrow transplantation. As a stem cell transplant, known to suppress bone marrow bone marrow transplantation high-dose chemotherapy involves the use of radiation. Then, healthy bone marrow stem cells from a donor or from your body by giving your blood your bones your bone marrow go and re-build.
Non Melanoma Skin Cancer:
Cutaneous B-cell lymphoma, a rare cancer that is attacking the white blood cells occurring in the skin. Cutaneous B-cell lymphoma, which is a type of lymphocyte called B cells in white blood cells that help fight diseases starts.
Cutaneous B-cell lymphoma types include the following:
- Primary cutaneous follicle center cell
- Primary cutaneous marginal zone B-cell
- Primary cutaneous diffuse large B-cell, leg type
- Intravascular diffuse large B-cell
Cutaneous B-cell lymphoma can be the same color as your skin or under the skin might appear pink or purple in color in the form of a nodule that may occur.
Cutaneous B-cell lymphoma Diagnosis:
Cutaneous B-cell lymphoma that are used to diagnose tests and procedures include the following:
- Physical examination. Your doctor examine your skin carefully as that might give clues about your diagnosis nodular and swollen lymph look out for other signs.
- Skin biopsy. Your doctor will remove a small portion of your skin lesions to search for cancer cells.
- Blood tests. Your blood sample can be analyzed to look for lymphoma cells.
- A bone marrow biopsy. To look for lymphoma cells in bone marrow can be tested.
- Imaging tests. Computerized tomography (CT) scans and Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scans will help your doctor to consider imaging tests such as discomfort.
Cutaneous B-cell lymphoma treatment for lymphoma depends on the type of.
Treatment options may include the following:
- Surgery for removal of cancer. If you have just one or a few areas, cutaneous lymphoma, your doctor may recommend the removal of healthy tissue surrounding the cancer, and a good amount of. The only treatment may be surgery, or your doctor may recommend additional treatments.
- Radiation therapy. Radiation therapy to kill cancer cells X-rays and uses a powerful energy beam such as protons. Radiation therapy to treat cutaneous lymphoma can be used alone or can be used after surgery to kill any remaining cancer cells.
- Chemotherapy, which uses chemicals to kill cancer cells medication. Chemotherapy drugs can be injected into the tumor through the skin to treat cutaneous lymphoma.A more advanced stage cutaneous lymphoma, chemotherapy can be given by infusion into a vein. Chemotherapy for advanced or aggressive cutaneous lymphoma, may be an option.
Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma:
Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, a rare cancer that is attacking the white blood cells occurring in the skin. Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma jointly with non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma lymphoma is one of the types called a couple of.
Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma rash-like rash, and sometimes can cause skin cancer. Within treatments, skin creams, light therapy, medications and may include radiation therapy.
Including mycosis fungoides and sézary syndrome, cutaneous T-cell lymphoma there are several types of.
Hodgkin’s lymphoma (Hodgkin’s disease):
The parts of the immune system:
In the past, which is known as Hodgkin’s disease Hodgkin’s lymphoma, a cancer of the lymphatic system which is part of your immune system.
In Hodgkin lymphoma, cells in the lymphatic system grow abnormally and may spread beyond the lymphatic system. Hodgkin’s lymphoma progresses, it impairs the body’s ability to fight infection.
Hodgkin’s lymphoma, a cancer of the lymphatic system is one of the two most common types. Other species, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma is more common.
This definition advances in the diagnosis and treatment of Hodgkin’s lymphoma was found where the people to be given a chance at a full recovery has helped. Prognosis, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma in people with continues to heal.
Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma spread throughout the body disease-fighting cancer in your lymphatic system which is network based. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, tumors develop from lymphocytes which are a type of white blood cell.
Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, lymphoma Hodgkin’s lymphoma other general type which is more common.
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma there are many different subspecies. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtypes common in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma in the lobby.
Makroglobulinemi waldenstrom is a rare cancer that starts in white blood cells.
If you have waldenstrom makroglobulinemi, healthy blood cells your bone marrow produces too many abnormal white blood cells away. Abnormal white blood cells accumulating in the blood circulation, produce a protein that disrupts and causes complications.
Waldenstrom makroglobulinemi, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, it is considered as a type of. Sometimes called lymphoma treated subjects with braf.
Waldenstrom makroglobulinemi grows slowly and for many years a sign and symptoms may result.
When this happens, signs and symptoms may include the following:
- Easy bruising
- Bleeding of the gums or nose
- Weight loss
- Numbness in the hands or feet
- Shortness of breath
- Vision changes
Waldenstrom makroglobulinemi the ones that cause is not fully understood.
The doctors of the disease in the genetic code errors (mutations) that creates abnormal white blood cell begins with have known that. These errors that continue to divide rapidly, the cell says.
They grow old and die like normal cells, cancer cells build up in the body to suppress the production of healthy cells, and eventually they come. Waldenstrom makroglobulinemi that fills the center of most of the bone, soft tissue and blood cells the bone marrow that produces healthy blood which is taken away.
They keep trying to produce healthy white blood cells as the cells waldenstrom makroglobulinemi antibody, but instead produce abnormal proteins that the body does not use it. Immunoglobulin M (IgM) protein that accumulates in the blood, impairs circulation and can cause complications.
Risk factors :
Factors that may increase your risk of waldenstrom makroglobulinemi include the following:
- It is to be old. Waldenstrom makroglobulinemi can occur at any age but is diagnosed most often in adults over the age of 65.
- Male gender. Men are more likely to diagnose waldenstrom makroglobulinemi of.
- To be white. Individuals who belong to other races, white people who are more likely to contract this disease.
- The presence of lymphoma in the family story. Waldenstrom makroglobulinemi or other B-cell lymphoma is diagnosed if you have a relative with it, your risk may be increased.