Both mania and hypomania involve periods in which the individual feels excited or has an energetic mood. This may vary in how serious the mood changes are, and we can sort out these differences as follows:
• Mania is a serious form of behavior that can last for a week or more. One person is too happy to control and can feel very high in energy. These symptoms affect daily life and in severe cases this person may need to go to the hospital.
• Hypomania is a few days. People can feel very good and work at high efficiency. While family or friends notice mood or activity changes, these symptoms may not be a symptom of hypomania.
• Mania and hypomania are most commonly associated with bipolar disorder. They may also be seen as part of other mood disorders such as schizoaffective disorder.
Bipolar disorder is a mental health disorder in which a person experiences changes in mood, energy, activity level, and thought patterns. It is seen as a mania in people with bipolar I disorder and hypomania in people with bipolar II disorder.
What Are Mania Symptoms?
Mania symptoms may include uncontrollable excitement, high energy levels, a feeling of overconfidence, and a lack of social barriers, and beyond normal mood and energy changes. Mania symptoms are so intense that a person’s relationships, work or well-being can affect. Having a mania does not always mean that a person feels happy. Mania can cause euphoria, but can also cause extreme irritability. Mania symptoms are as follows;
• uncontrollable excitement
• to feel very happy or very enthusiastic
• Restless or to feel very anxious
• high energy levels, the forced control of the People
• Excessive running, high levels of activity, such as stir or movement
• Attention or focusing difficulties
• Realistic and very high self-confidence, self-confidence
• Lack of social blocking
• Race thoughts
• Sleep less or never sleep
• Take risks or careless activities
• Suicidal or self-injurious thoughts
People may experience psychotic symptoms during a mania period. These psychotic symptoms include:
• See or hear hallucinations or things that aren’t there
• Signs of
hypomania to believe that they are very powerful or famous
Hypomania is a lighter form of mania. Hypomania is seen in people with bipolar disorder. If a complete manic attack occurs, the diagnosis of bipolar 1 is usually more appropriate. The symptoms of hypomania can be listed as follows:
• Higher than normal, happier mood
• High irritability or rude behavior
• Feeling self confidence
• Higher activity or energy levels than normal without a clear cause
• A strong sense of physical and mental well-being
• More than normal to be more social and communicative
• To hear a stronger desire for sex than normal
• To feel the need to sleep less than normal
Hypomania and mania share many symptoms. The distinctive factor is the severity of these symptoms. Both mania and hypomania involve changes in mood and behavior beyond normal and daily changes. Mani is so severe that a person cannot continue his normal activities. In more extreme cases, they may need emergency hospital care. A person with hypomania can continue as usual. Family and friends may notice that the individual behaves differently, even if he does not realize that he is a hypomania. However, they still need medical help to prevent the symptoms from worsening.
Although hypomania is not as severe as mania, it can be dangerous and may adversely affect a person’s overall well-being. According to one study, people were more likely to have risky behaviors in hypomanic attacks. This includes spending a large amount of money, using excessive alcohol or drugs, using dangerous cars, or engaging in risky, sexual behavior. People who live but do not have hypomania may have delusions, hallucinations, or manic dizziness. If a person does not receive treatment that is necessary for hypomania, he or she may be at risk of developing mania.
Sleeping late or joining parties can be a trigger for mania and hypomania. The symptoms of both mania and hypomania involve feeling very happy, emotionally high, more energetic and creative. In some cases, a mania or hypomania attack may be confused with a depression. The experts refer to this as the mixed characteristics section. When this mixture occurs, the person may feel energetic, hopeless or empty, but also energetic.
Some life events or activities may cause a mania or hypomania event. These sections are called triggers. In a small-scale study, it was found that some of the triggers in the adolescents revealed a group of mania and hypomania.
• Being in love
• Using recreational drugs, especially stimulants
• Launching a new creative project
• Staying late or partying
• Going on vacation
• Listening to loud music According to
another study, symptoms such as stress, lack of sleep and the use of antidepressant medications have been found to trigger symptoms that can trigger mania.
When to see a doctor?
If a person discovers changes in mood that appear to be stronger than normal, a health professional should appear. Bipolar disorder may be difficult to diagnose, but it may help to discuss a comprehensive medical history, physical examination, mood and symptoms. If a friend or family member has symptoms of mania or hypomania, they should be referred to a doctor and talk to them about treatment.
Treatment and Prevention
There is no cure for mania or hypomania, but people can manage their symptoms with drug therapy and speech therapies. These treatments can help prevent attacks of mania and hypomania, as well as attacks of depression. A person has to take his medications, typically given by a physician who is constantly in order to prevent mania or periods of depression. Drugs that can help people manage bipolar disorder include:
• Spirit balancers such as lithium and antiseizide drugs
• Second generation or atypical antipsychotics that treat mania and hypomania •
Antidepressants that may help to treat the depressive episode of bipolar disorder
It can be useful for a while.
Many people benefit from a combination of drug and speech therapy. Speech therapy, also known as psychotherapy, can provide support, guidance and training for people with bipolar disorder. People who are treated with mania or hypomania should not stop taking these drugs without talking to their doctor. Stopping sudden treatment may lead to more severe symptoms if mania comes back. A person may also experience dangerous withdrawal symptoms.
While lifestyle changes cannot treat mania and hypomania alone, people can try to manage their symptoms and possibly avoid triggers:
• Make a healthy diet and avoid skipping meals.
• Apply good sleep hygiene. Go to bed and wake up at the same time every day if possible. Avoid being late and make a consistent sleep schedule every day.
• Keep a mood change log or use a mood table. They can help a person pay attention to the appearance of mania or hypomania, so that they can work with their therapists to treat them.
• Participate in appointments and take medication as prescribed by the doctor.
• Seek immediate help for self-harm or suicidal thoughts.
A person cannot prevent bipolar disorder, but with appropriate medical care he can take steps to prevent or manage his symptoms. Mania and hypomania are symptoms of mood disorders, especially bipolar disorder. People with bipolar 1 disorder may be mania, whereas people with bipolar 2 disorder are more likely to experience hypomania. Hypomania is a light mania version. Although both conditions have similar symptoms, they are more severe and disturbing than hypomania during mania attack. Individuals with complaints may administer mania or hypomania sections under the guidance of a doctor or other health professional.
It is a proposal and Information article that has been compiled from different sources. There is no definitive diagnosis and treatment. Ask your doctor about any health problems. Remember, the treatment methods applied in health problems may vary according to the biology of individuals, hereditary characteristics, age, height, weight differences, allergic aspects and dozens of such conditions. Only your doctor can help you in the treatment of your health problems.