Molluscum Contagiosum ; Molluscum is a skin infection caused by contagious virus. It can be seen on the skin, in the mouth and rarely in the vagina and is also called infectious mollusk. This discomfort produces benign swelling or lesions on the upper layers of the skin. Small bumps are usually painless and disappear on their own, rarely leaving scars when left untreated. The length of the virus varies for each person, but swelling can last from two months to four years. Molluscum Contagiosum is spread by direct contact with someone with this virus, touching an infected object such as a towel or clothing. Drug therapy and surgical treatments are available, but in most cases treatment is not necessary. If the immune system is weakened, the virus may be more difficult to treat.
Molluscum Contagiosum symptoms
If a person comes into contact with the M. contagiosum virus, signs of infection may not be observed for up to six months. The average incubation time is two to seven weeks. It can recognize the appearance of a small group of painless lesions. This impact may appear different, either alone or accompanied by up to 20 lesions. The shapes shown are generally as follows:
• Very small, bright and smooth in appearance
• Skin color, white or pink
• Robust and shaped like a dimpled or dimpled dome in the middle
• A structure with a waxy consistency
• Diameter between 2 and 5 millimeters or the head of a pin size and the size of the eraser at the top of a pen
• It can be seen anywhere except palms or soles. It can be seen especially on the face, abdomen, trunk, arms, legs of children or the inner thighs, sexual organs and abdomen of adults.
However, if there is a weakened immune system, more pronounced symptoms may occur. The lesions may be about 15 millimeters in diameter, about the size of a penny. Humps are more common on the face and are typically resistant to treatment.
Molluscum Contagiosum Reasons
By touching the lesions on the skin of a person suffering from this infection, the softly contagiosum virus can be removed. Children can transmit the virus with other children during normal play. Teenagers and adults are more likely to get this virus through sexual intercourse. They may also be infected in contact sports that require touching bare skin, such as wrestling or football. The virus can survive on all surfaces touched by the skin of a person with the virus, Molluskum contagiosum. Thus, trying to control the virus with towels, clothes, toys or other contaminated items is one of the effective measures.
Sharing of sports equipment that touches someone’s bare skin may also cause the transfer of this virus. The virus may remain on the equipment to be transmitted to another person. This includes items such as baseball gloves, wrestling mats and football helmets. If a person also has this virus, this infection can spread throughout his body. The virus can be transmitted from one part of the body to another part of the body by transferring, drawing, and shaving.
Molluscum Contagiosum Risk factors
Anyone can take M.contagiosum, but some people are more likely to be infected than others. These risk groups include:
• Children between 1 and 10 years of age
• People living in tropical climates
• People with weakened immune system caused by factors such as transplantation or cancer treatment
• People with atopic dermatitis, a common form of eczema, causing scaly and itchy redness persons
• persons participating in contact sports such as wrestling or football skin on skin contact is common
Molluscum Contagiosum Diagnosis
Since the skin swelling caused by Molluskum Kontagiosum has a distinctive appearance, the doctor can diagnose the infection only by looking at the affected area. A skin scraping or biopsy can confirm the diagnosis. Treatment of softly contagiosum is usually unnecessary, but it is necessary to see a doctor to examine skin lesions lasting more than a few days. The confirmed diagnosis of Molluscum Kontagiosum excludes other causes of lesions such as skin cancer, chicken pox or warts.
Molluscum Contagiosum Treatment
In most cases, if there is a healthy immune system, it is not necessary to treat the lesions caused by Molluskum Kontagiosum, and the swelling is lost without medical intervention. However, some conditions may justify treatment. Treatment may be needed in the following cases:
• If the lesions are seen on the face, neck and widening
• If there is an existing skin disease such as atopic dermatitis
• If there are serious concerns about spreading the virus
, the most effective treatments are performed by the physician. These include cryotherapy, curettage, laser treatment and topical treatment:
• During cryotherapy, the doctor freezes each bottle with liquid nitrogen.
• During curettage, the doctor pierces the lump and peels off the skin with a small instrument.
• During laser treatment, the doctor uses a laser to destroy each fist.
• During topical therapy, the doctor applies acid or chemical creams to the bumps to ensure that the upper layers of the skin are peeled off.
In some cases, these techniques may be painful, cause scarring, and anesthesia may be necessary. Since these methods involve treating each swelling, a procedure may require multiple sessions. If the person has a large number of large swellings, additional treatment may be required every three to six weeks until the swelling disappears. New pulses may appear when treating existing ones. In some cases, the doctor may give the following drugs:
• Trichloroacetic acid
• Topical podophyllotoxin cream (Condylox)
• Blister derived from insects and administered by a doctor cantharidin (Cantharo to)
• Imiquimod (Aldara),
pregnant women, those who plan to become pregnant or breastfeed should discuss with their doctor before taking these medicines. If your immune system is weakened by medications such as those used to treat a disease or cancer, such as HIV, Molluscum kontagiozy-umtreatment may be required. Successful treatment is more difficult for people with a weak immune system than for those with a healthy immune system. Antiretroviral treatment is the most effective treatment for people with HIV in the event of contractions with soft-bed contour, because it can work to strengthen the immune system to fight the virus. It is important that you talk to your doctor before starting M. kontagiosum treatment.
Molluscum Contagiosum Long-Term View
If a person’s immune system is healthy, a mollusc contagiosum infection usually goes away spontaneously. Typically, this occurs slowly within 6 to 12 months and occurs without a trace. However, for some, it may take several months to several years for the bumps to disappear. For people with immune system problems, the infection may last longer and last longer. After the lesions are extinguished, the M.kontagiosum virus is not present in the body. When this happens, the virus does not spread to others or other parts of the body. More damage can be seen only if re-infected. Unlike chickenpox, a person who has had a contagiosum once is vulnerable to re-infection.
Molluscum Contagiosum Prevention
The best way to prevent M. kontagiosum is to avoid touching the skin of another person with infection. Compliance with these recommendations can also help prevent the spread of infection:
• Handwashing should be done with warm water and soap effectively
• Sharing personal belongings should be avoided. This includes towels, clothing, hairbrushes or bar soap.
• Anyone else should avoid direct contact with the public use sports equipment with bare skin
• Avoid skin contact place of impact
• Persons with viruses should keep clean and closed areas of swelling to prevent contamination to others.
• Shaving or electrolysis should be avoided
where swelling exists.