What is multiple myeloma and how is it treated

MULTIPLE MYELOMA - What is multiple myeloma and how is it treated

Know all the details about all types of cancer, multiple myeloma is one disease which we do.


One of the types of cancer which is multiple myeloma, bone marrow cancer known as.Plasma, also known as multiple myeloma which is a cancer that starts in white blood cells, plasma from the cells induced the most common form of cancer types from occurring.

Plasma cells, which are an important part of our immune system to produce antibodies to fight and show resistance against infections. However, in myeloma, the abnormal plasma cells of “paraprotein” or “M protein” that produces antibodies, called Do not provide any benefit. Benefit the body by showing an increase in these antibodies as it provides an excess amount by reducing the viscosity of the blood causes damage to the kidneys.

multipl miyelom - What is multiple myeloma and how is it treated

The factor that distinguishes it from many types of cancer myeloma multiple myeloma is a tumor or mass in the case of in lack. Multi-or multiple-meaning multiple myeloma cells in the bone means that multiplies by dividing. Showing duplicating myeloma spread to the body; spine, skull, pelvis, rib cage, and hips is seen in areas such as Omu.

Which is one of the rare types of cancer, multiple myeloma, seen in middle age, usually in individuals over. Multiple myeloma has an incidence of four per cent per hundred thousand which, in general cancers and 1% of the composition, hematological cancers, constitutes 10%. The incidence of multiple myeloma in Turkey around 3000 per year that I can say.

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1. Stage : spread of cancer cells and the observation of a small amount of symptoms usually is not showed, and the universe.

2. Stage I : cancer cells are more spread compared to the first phase of shows.

3. Stage I : cancer cells are spread over a large section of the body.


Today, the exact cause of multiple myeloma is not yet known. However, the person for a long time radiation therapy exposure to oil and is thought to induce significantly of chemical substances.

Studies of animal fat consumption, the majority of patients with multiple myeloma has given more weight and heavy-weight structure that they are stated. Therefore, vegetables, fruits, fish, and weighted the risk of multiple myeloma in people who of vitamin C is quite low, we can say that.

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The exact cause of the disease is yet unknown, but many factors increase the risk of multiple myeloma and plays a role of a trigger is noted. A person’s age, occupational status, and living conditions are the basic elements that constitute many factors, such as the risk factors.

Multiple myeloma, which is seen in people over the age of 60, are more common to men than women. One of the factors that increase the risk of multiple myeloma of the black race, the others being, the family (especially his brothers) and radiation exposure in the form of myeloma for a long time can be sorted.

Occupational and environmental risk factors

  • Wood powder
  • Nuclear industry
  • Sheet metal industry
  • Farming
  • Leather tanning industry
  • Formaldehyde
  • Benzene
  • Hair dye
  • Spray paint
  • Exposure to asbestos

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Multiple myeloma, which is usually seen in people over the age of 60, the first serious causes pain in the waist and back. Bone pain, fatigue and lung infections that accompany the majority of patients due to have recourse to experts. However, patients approximately 35% of unexplained bone pain or pathologic fractures complain.

One of the common symptoms of multiple myeloma others, nausea, fatigue, constant sleepiness, symptoms such as drinking plenty of water and your request can be observed. All these symptoms of anemia, renal failure, and often may be accompanied by conditions such as infection.

  • Bone pain
  • Back and rib pain
  • Bone fractures
  • Anemia (anemia)
  • Shortness of breath
  • Feelings of weakness and fatigue
  • Bruising in the various areas of the body
  • Easy bleeding
  • Weight loss
  • Fire
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Very frequent urination
  • Revision of infection often
  • Kidney failure

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One of the main symptoms of the disease, which is among the factors that increase the suspicion of back and bone pain. Conducted in accordance with the patient’s symptoms and history, blood tests, and urine tests for multiple myeloma diagnosis tests such as bone slices plays an influential role in you get. Laboratory tests for the diagnosis of multiple myeloma;

  • Physical examination
  • Blood count
  • Biochemical tests
  • Urine tests
  • Peripheral blood smear
  • Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy
  • Cytogenetic investigations
  • Examination of the skeletal system.
  • Tissue biopsy
  • Computed tomography (CT)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Positron emission tomography (PET)

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Usually asymptomatic, without any symptoms of multiple myeloma cases, the first patient to be kept under observation. In this case, the chemo and multiple myeloma patients under close surveillance are not taken immediately to a policy of wait-and-see applies. In this process the most accurate time for treatment is expected.

Symptom in cases of multiple myeloma chemo will begin. Applied very effective for the patient’s age and health condition plays a role. Patients over 65 years of be conducive to health if the stem cell transplant can be performed. In this process, the applied chemotherapy, stem cell transplant for patients is of a preliminary nature, we can say that.

As with any disease, in the disease multiple myeloma early diagnosis is of great importance. With early diagnosis, close monitoring of the patient is provided to minimize potential problems by taking. Followed a policy of wait and see, even if there was damage to other organs in this process by keeping a close watch on the patient is prevented.


Located in our news, written and compiled from different sources of visual content to be created, a letter of suggestions and information. Constitutes the definitive diagnosis and treatment. In the face of any health problem contact your doctor.

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