What is ovarian cancer?
Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the ovaries. Has two ovaries one on each side of the uterus women. Each about the size of an almond, the ovaries of estrogen and progesterone hormones as well as eggs (OVA) produces.
Ovarian cancer often are not detected until it has spread in the pelvis and abdomen. In this final phase, the treatment of ovarian cancer is difficult and is often fatal. One of the disease is limited to the ovaries stage ovarian cancer where early treatment is likely to be successful.
Treatment is usually with surgery and chemotherapy for ovarian cancer is used.
What are the symptoms of ovarian cancer?
Female reproductive system
Early stage ovarian cancer rarely causes any symptoms. Advanced stage ovarian cancer cases seen in a small number of the more common and benign cause non-specific symptoms because these can be confused with benign conditions.
Signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer may include the following:
- Abdominal bloating or swelling
- Quickly the feeling of satiety while eating
- Weight loss
- Discomfort in the pelvic area
- Changes in bowel movements such as constipation
- The Frequent need to urinate
What are the causes of ovarian cancer?
The factors that lead to ovarian cancer are not fully understood.
In general, cancer begins when a genetic mutation converts normal cells to abnormal cancer cells. Fast-growing cancer a mass of cells (tumor) form. Cancer cells invade nearby tissues and spread to other areas of the body (metastasize) can detach from the tumor.
Ovarian cancer what are the types of?
The cell where the cancer starts, it determines the type of ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer types include the following:
- Epithelial tumors of the ovaries begins in the thin tissue layer that covers the outside. Ovarian cancers and 90% of epithelial tumors.
- Stromal tumors, hormone-producing cells begins in the tissues of the ovary that contains. Other ovarian tumors these tumors are usually diagnosed at an early stage. Ovarian tumors 7% of received.
- Germ cell tumors begin in cells that produce eggs. This sparse of ovarian cancer is seen in women of very young ages.
What are the risk factors for ovarian cancer?
Some factors that increase your risk of ovarian cancer are as follows:
- Age. Ovarian cancer can occur at any age but is most common in women between the ages of 50-60.
- Inherited gene mutations. A small portion of ovarian cancers originates from an inherited gene mutation. Is known to increase the risk of ovarian cancer genes breast cancer gene 1 (BRCA1) and breast cancer gene 2 (BRCA2) is called. These genes were originally identified in breast cancer families with more than one vakal the names which have been taken from here, but women with these mutations the risk of developing ovarian cancer is significantly higher.
Colon cancer is Lynch syndrome, which is linked with the gene that causes mutations, increases the risk of ovarian cancer in women.
- Estrogen hormone replacement therapy, especially long-term use and large doses.
- The age when your period starts and ends. If you have not started menstruating before age 12 or entered menopause after the age of 52 if you have, or both if you have ovarian cancer, your risk may be higher.
- Never get pregnant,
- The fertility treatment.
- Use of an intrauterine device.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
If you have a genetic predisposition to ovarian cancer, your doctor may recommend regular pelvic imaging and blood tests to scan for the disease.
What can be done to prevent ovarian cancer?
There is a definite method to prevent ovarian cancer. However, some of the factors that are associated with low risk are as follows:
- Especially the use of oral contraceptive pills for more than 10 years
- Previously being pregnant
- A history of breastfeeding
- Daily aspirin use
How is ovarian cancer diagnosed?
Your doctor most likely will start with a pelvic exam.
- The outer part of the genital organs carefully examined.
- The doctor places a gloved finger into the vagina, then two, and at the same time presses on your stomach to feel the uterus and ovaries with one hand.
- Abnormalities so that the doctor can visually check an instrument into the vagina (speculum) is placed.
Your doctor may recommend the following:
- Imaging tests. Your pelvis and abdomen such as CT scans or ultrasound. These tests of your ovaries size, shape, and structure can help determine.
- A blood test. a protein that is found on the surface of ovarian cancer cells (we have 125) can detect.
- Surgical intervention. to confirm a diagnosis of ovarian cancer, a tissue sample and abdominal fluid to get. Minimally invasive or robotic surgery may be an option. If the cancer is detected, the surgeon can now begin the surgery to remove the cancer as much as possible.
What are the stages of ovarian cancer?
When doctors tell cancer of your scope -or the universe – to help identify you and uses the results of your surgery. The stage of your cancer helps determine prognosis and treatment options.
Stages of ovarian cancer:
- Stage. The cancer is found in one or both ovaries.
- Stage II. Cancer cells spread to other parts of the pelvis.
- Stage III. The cancer spread to the abdomen.
- Stage IV. Cancer of the abdomen were found outside.
Ovarian cancer what is the treatment for?
Treatment usually includes a combination of surgery and chemotherapy for ovarian cancer.
Treatment is generally both the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus recruitment, as well as ovarian cancer often spread to the nearby lymph nodes and a fold of abdominal fat tissue (momentum) involves receiving. Your surgeon also will remove your stomach cancer as much as possible.
If ovarian cancer is diagnosed at a very early stage, less extensive surgery may be possible. Women with ovarian cancer and received surgery for Stage II removal of the ovary the fallopian tube may include an ovary. This process can protect your ability to have a child.
After the surgery, most likely you will see a chemotherapy treatment to kill any remaining cancer cells. Chemotherapy drugs into a vein or directly into the abdominal cavity, or both can be injected into.
Chemotherapy can be used as initial therapy in some women with advanced ovarian cancer.