What Is Radiation?
Radiation Oncology radiation therapy is carried out by specialists. Radiation therapy uses high-energy waves of the rays of a part of the body is performed with a penetration of treatment.
- Radiotherapy is painless.
- Radiotherapy can last between a few minutes to half an hour with the duration of the session. In our center performed by truebeam STX can be reduced to 2-3 minutes, this time with the technology.
- The region exposed to radiation and hassaslasabi for the skin can be easily irritated.
- Side effects of radiation therapy are usually temporary and vary depending on the treated area of the body.
Section of Radiation Oncology, cancer treatment as malignant cells kept under the control of a part of the ionizing radiation is used. The radiation to the diseased organ in order to transmit the most accurate and in the appropriate format developed for this purpose called performed by truebeam linear accelerator devices such as there is a need to. The use of these devices with high-dose radiation mostly to be used with the aim of providing palliation of cancer cells and the destruction or “radiation therapy” or “radiation” is called.
In the Department of Radiation Oncology, radiation oncologists, medical physics expert, radiation therapy technician, nurse, dozimetrist, psychologist, social worker, dietician, radiation protection specialist and serves our patient advisors. Also nuclear medicine, Radiology, Pathology clinics, such as directing and staging the extent of tumor assessment after treatment such as in the investigation of the most basic steps are solved with a multidisciplinary approach.
Radiation Oncology in the treatment process in our department the following methods are used:
Performed by truebeam STX with the device;
- IMRT, VMAT, SRS, SBRT
- Total body irradiation (TBi – TBI
- Total skin electron Irradiation – TSEI
Robotic radiosurgery with the trilogy system, SRS, SBRT
Radiation therapy what does it feel like?
Radiation therapy kills cancer cells or prevents the growth of cells. For growing up faster than most normal cells and cancerous cells slipping, radiation therapy in the treatment of many types of cancer gives successful results. In the meantime, normal cells are also affected by radiation, but most is freed from the effects of radiation. To protect healthy cells, the radiation dose to the patient limits the time Doctors and treatment emits. In addition, when guiding the radiation to the cancerous region, various methods can be used to protect healthy cells as much as possible.
What are the benefits and goals of radiation therapy?
The goal of radiation therapy is to kill cancer cells by causing the least possible damage to healthy cells.
Radiotherapy is a local treatment, which is similar to surgical methods, targets the cancerous cells in a particular section of the body. Sometimes in order to improve the results of treatment of Radiation Oncology physicians, radiation therapy, chemotherapy treatment, such as reaching the entire surface of the body (systemic treatment) I prefer to use.
Made of what is radiotherapy?
More than half of all cancer patients receives radiation therapy as part of cancer treatment. Almost any kind of radiation therapy for cancer treatment the doctors uses. Also suitable for the treatment of benign tumors with radiation therapy.
Radiation therapy is a cancer treatment your doctor may I suggest the following at different times for different purposes such as:
- The most commonly used (basic) as a treatment
- To shrink cancerous tumors before surgery (neoadjuvant treatment)
- To stop the growth of remaining cancer cells after surgery (adjuvant therapy)
- Combined with other treatments such as chemotherapy to destroy cancer cells
- Advanced cancer to reduce symptoms caused by cancer in the dignity of
What are the risks of radiation therapy?
The cancer cells damages or kills the cells that short, high-dose radiation can damage healthy cells and can even kill those cells. Many side effects of radiation therapy are well known. These side effects of Radiation Oncology with the help of a doctor and your nurse can easily be eliminated. The risk of side effects, the benefits usually are lighter than to kill the cancer cells.
The other part of the body exposed to radiation the side effects of radiation therapy and how much radiation is used depends on whether. No side-effects or may not have few side effects you may experience. Most side effects are temporary and will usually fade after treatment stops can be controlled.
|The region of the body that is treated||Common side effects|
|Any region||In the treatment area hair loss (sometimes permanent), skin irritation in the treated area, fatigue|
|Head and neck||Dry mouth, intense saliva, difficulty swallowing, sore throat, food taste changes, nausea, mouth sores, tooth decay|
|Chest||Difficulty swallowing, cough, shortness of breath|
|Wife||Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea|
|Pelvis||Diarrhea, bladder discomfort, frequent urination, sexual problems|
Source: National Cancer Institute, 2007
Some side effects may occur later. For example, although rare, is initially treated with radiation other than cancer (a second primary cancer may develop many years later. After your treatment, both in the short-term and long-term side effects that may occur ask your doctor.
The application of radiotherapy what are the methods?
During the implementation of external or internal radiation therapy, two methods are used.
In external radiotherapy the device that is used with high-energy rays to kill the cancerous and the surrounding healthy tissue into the region of this region is applied.
Internal radiation therapy , the radiation source is placed directly to the area or the target tissue is a tumor.
Than one treatment some patients one after another the two are applied. Most patients external radiotherapy against cancer, radiation therapy is applied. This type of treatment usually outpatient and Ambulatory hospitals and medical centers is applied.
How to plan your radiotherapy treatment?
CT-Simulation in radiation therapy planning is the first stage. CT scans usually takes less than 5 minutes and is completely painless. During this appointment, your mask the need for treatment, etc. like (immobilization) to ensure that the patient remains fixed in the correct position fixing instrumentation is produced.
Prior to the next treatment, radiation oncologists, and medical physics experts radiation CT scans by using the information obtained as a result of a treatment plan that contains the parameters form. Radiographers sessions using this plan performs.
What are the side effects of radiation therapy?
Radioactive external radiation therapy is the destruction of your body. Therefore, during your treatment, you do not need to beware of being in the same environment with other people. Many side effects of radiation therapy, related to the treated area will occur. Many patients do not have side effects almost never. And possible side effects with your doctor and nurse will give you information about what you should do.
What can I do to take care of yourself during radiotherapy treatment?
Almost every patient who has radiotherapy, their health protection and treatment for additional benefit you need to take extra care of themselves.
Some general rules which should be kept in mind are as follows:
- If you have any allergies and any medications you are using before starting treatment inform your doctor.
- Good nutrition is very important.
- Consult your doctor before using vitamin supplements and herbal products.
- The treated area of your body in your clothes try to bring you down.
- The treated area of skin to be gentle.
How to prepare for radiotherapy treatment?
Before taking this external beam radiation therapy, delivering radiation to the area of your body exactly what it needs, your healthcare team with the goal of a planned process will guide you. Planning typically includes the following elements:
During the course of the simulation where you can relax during your treatment, your radiation therapy team works with you to find a position.
You will need to lie down in a constant manner throughout the treatment so finding a comfortable position is extremely important. For this you will need to lie on the table which will be used during radiation therapy. Putting it in the proper position, and to ensure you stay hard and holders cushions will be used.
Your radiation therapy team will mark a given body region of radiation. Permanent marking pencil or small depending on your situation can be done with temporary tattoos can be applied.
The planning of surveys:
Your radiation therapy team for the computed tomography (CT) provide for the withdrawal of the body region to be treated this way and will decide.
After the planning phase, radiation therapy, your team, the type and stage of cancer, your overall health and your treatment will determine the type and dosage of radiation to be given according to the goal.
The exact dose of radiation and the focus to maintain the maximum level of radiation to cancer cells and carefully planned for minimal damage to the surrounding healthy tissue.
During the application of radiotherapy, what happens?
External beam radiation therapy high-energy radiation-rays, which is done with the linear accelerator is a device that directs the body.
As he lay you on the table linear accelerator moves around you to the body to transmit radiation at different angles. The linear accelerator can be adjusted according to your specific situation, and in this way, the doctor transmits the appropriate dose radiation.
Generally, under the conditions of outpatient external beam radiation, five days a week for a certain period is given. In most cases, radiation therapy in order to heal your cells healthy in a few weeks between sessions of treatment spread.
All radiotherapy treatment sessions is expected to take approximately 10-30 min. In some cases, more sophisticated a single with the aim to relieve pain and other symptoms due to cancer treatment can be applied.
During a treatment session, a radiation simulation session, you will need to lie down in the position you set. Hard to stay using the position of the moulds can be adjusted.
With the aim of achieving a goal of different aspects of the linear accelerator around can return. The machine makes a buzz noise.
Constant lie and you should breathe normally throughout the treatment, which lasted only a few minutes. Some patients with lung or breast cancer may be asked to hold their breath when the machine is delivering the treatment.
Video and audio links with each other so you can talk to your radiation therapy team is located in the next room. If you feel uncomfortable you should talk to yourself, but you should not feel pain during the radiation treatment session.
For information about the types of cancer treatment, ” cancer treatment ” you can look at our paper.
What happens after the end of radiotherapy?
If you are receiving radiation therapy for a tumor, your doctor in order to assess the response to radiation therapy of the cancer, periodic screening may be performed.
In some cases, to cancer treatment gives an immediate response. In other cases, it may take weeks or months to respond to cancer.