What is skin cancer ?
Which is the abnormal growth of skin cells of skin cancer most frequently on Sun-exposed skin, occur. However, this common type of cancer that can occur in areas of skin not exposed to sunlight under normal conditions.
Skin cancer basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma are three main types of.
Ultraviolet (UV – exposure by limiting or avoiding exposure to infrared rays you can reduce your risk of skin cancer. Examination of your skin in terms of changes in the early stages of cancer can help catch the suspect. if the cancer is detected in early stages gives you the chance of successful treatment is high.
What are the regions of development of skin cancer?
Skin cancer primarily the scalp, face, lips, ears, neck, chest, arms and hands, and the legs in women will occur in Sun exposed areas of the skin including. However, palm of hand, fingers and under his fingernails and genital area, such as may occur in areas that rarely saw the light of day.
People with darker skin, including skin cancer, can affect all people regardless of skin color. Melanoma occurs in people with dark skin color, while the palms and soles of the feet, such as in areas which are not normally exposed to the sun are more likely to occur.
What are the types of skin cancer?
Signs and symptoms of basal cell carcinoma:
Basal cell carcinoma often occur in Sun exposed areas of the body such as the neck or face.
Basal cell carcinoma can be seen in the way that is described in the following:
- Similar to pearls, or waxy lump sedefimsi
- Flat, flesh colored or brown scar lesions similar to
Squamous cell carcinoma signs and symptoms:
Squamous cell carcinoma most commonly on the face, ears, and hands, such as occur in Sun exposed areas of your body. In people with darker skin, squamous cell carcinoma frequently develop in areas of skin exposed to the sun, you are more likely to.
Squamous cell carcinoma can be seen in the way that is described in the following:
- Hard, red nodules
- Flat scaly crusted lesion on the surface or
Signs and symptoms of melanoma:
Melanoma anywhere on your body, could turn into skin cancer or another symptom that can occur unobserved in my skin. Melanoma, most commonly affected on the face or in the body of men is seen. In women, this type of cancer most often occur in calves. Exposure to the sun Melanoma can occur on the skin in men and women.
Melanoma can be seen in all people regardless of skin color. In people with darker skin, melanoma on the palms or the soles of the feet or under the nails of the hands and feet tend to occur.
The symptoms of melanoma include the following:
- The observed large brownish stain of dark spots
- Color, size, or observed, indicating a change in sensation or bleeding skin me
- Limited and irregular red, white, blue or blue-black lesion which is located a small section that looks
- On the palms, soles, fingertips or toes or in the mouth, nose, vagina or anus, to the mucous membranes of the throat, dark-colored lesions
Less frequently seen signs and symptoms of skin cancer:
Other skin cancer types that are seen less frequently include the following:
- Kaposi’s sarcoma. This rare skin cancer that occurs in the blood vessels of the skin and can cause red or purple patches on the skin or mucous membranes.
Kaposi’s sarcoma, such as AIDS patients and organ transplant patients on the basis of the natural sample who take drugs that suppress the immune system occur in people with weakened immune systems including.
Increased risk of Kaposi’s sarcoma in Africa or Italian or Eastern European Jewish Heritage who lives in other people old men with young men is situated.
- Merkel cell carcinoma. Merkel cell carcinoma on the skin and hair follicles beneath the skin that occur in harsh or bright can cause nodules. Merkel cell carcinoma most often the head, neck and trunk.
- Sebaceous gland carcinoma. The oil glands in the skin originate from this rare and aggressive cancer. Mostly a hard, painless nodule in the form of sebaceous gland carcinoma can occur anywhere, but mostly it is mixed with other often occur on the eyelid and eyelid problems.
When should I see the doctor?
Worry if you notice any changes on your skin that will lead you to make an appointment with your doctor. All skin changes don’t cause cancer. We will explore the changes in your doctor to determine the underlying cause your skin.
What are the causes of skin cancer?
Skin cancer, skin cells in the DNA of an error (mutation) occurs when. These mutations cause cells to grow uncontrollably and form a mass of cancerous cells.
Skin cancer cells:
Skin cancer begins in the epidermis which is the topmost layer of your skin. The epidermis, provides a protective sheath that is a thin layer of skin cells constantly shed the body. Three main cell types of the epidermis, consists of:
- Of the squamous cells of the skin outermost and the inner cell they are located just under the surface, they serve as flooring.
- Basal cells located under the squamous cells and produce new skin cells.
- Melanocytes produce melanin which is the pigment that gives skin its normal color, and are located in the bottom section of the epidermis. To help protect the deeper layers of the skin, melanocytes produce more melanin when exposed to the sun.
The place where your cancer started to be known for, allows for the identification of cancer type and treatment options.
Ultraviolet light () infrared light and other potential causes:
DNA damage in skin cells and is used in the major portion of the light of the sun in the solarium ultraviolet light (UV-UV) radiation comes from. However, under normal conditions of sun exposure skin cancer that occurs on skin that is not exposed to the sun’s rays do not explain. This finding weakens the immune system or exposure to toxic substances such as the presence of a disease suggests that other factors might be that contribute to the risk of cancer.
What are the risk factors for skin cancer?
Factors that increase your risk of skin cancer include the following:
- Clear skin color. Regardless of skin color, everyone’s skin may be cancer. However, your skin pigment (melanin) in the amount of less protection against ultraviolet radiation less harmful. If a yellow or red colored hair and colored eyes and freckle or sunburn easily if you have if it occurs for someone with a darker complexion, your skin is in
- is more likely to develop cancer.
- A history of sunburn. Bump if you’ve had sunburn in childhood or accompanied with one or more times during youth and in adulthood increases your risk of developing cancer. Sunburns in adulthood also are a risk factor.
- Excessive exposure to the sun. Especially skin is protected with sunscreen or a lotion or a dress, if not everyone who has spent considerable time under the sun, and skin cancer may occur. Including exposure to tanning devices, and you get a tan it could threaten. Tan, your skin against excess UV radiation is a response to his injury.
- Sunny or high-altitude climates. Sunny, warm climates are exposed to more sunlight than people who live in people who live in colder climates. Living at high altitudes where the sunlight is strongest leaves you more exposed to radiation.
- Skin moles. Numerous dysplastic nevi skin to me or called me increases the risk of cancer in people who have abnormal skin. According to me normal skin and usually have the appearance of irregular, abnormal skin cancer compared to others of my turning into this larger are more likely to. If you have a history of abnormal skin moles, to see whether it has changed, follow me on a regular basis.
- Precancerous skin lesions. Also known as actinic keratoses, a skin lesion may increase the risk of skin cancer you have. This precancerous skin growths generally ranging from brown to dark pink rough scaly patches in the form they appear. These commonly formed on the skin sun damage a light-skinned person on the face of their heads and in their hands is seen.
- Have a history of skin cancer in the family. If your mother or father or your brother if you were diagnosed with skin cancer in the past, you may increase the risk of this disease.
- Have a history of skin cancer personal. Once I got skin cancer if you carry the risk of re.
- A weakened immune system. People with weakened immune systems are at higher risk for skin cancer. This, HIV/AIDS, and patients who use medications that suppress the immune system after an organ transplant.
- Exposure to radiation. In the field of radiation therapy for skin diseases such as eczema and acne, basal cell carcinoma, including the risk of skin cancer may be increased.
- Exposure to certain substances. Some substances, such as exposure to arsenic can increase your risk of cancer.
How is skin cancer diagnosed?
To diagnose skin cancer, your doctor will:
- Examine your skin. Your doctor can examine your skin to determine whether changes in skin cancer. You may need further tests to confirm the diagnosis.
- In order to test a questionable from the skin sample (skin biopsy). Your doctor may take a sample from a suspicious looking skin for laboratory testing. Whether you are a biopsy for skin cancer, and the cancer is located, if you can determine your type of skin cancer.
Skin cancer (spread).
If your doctor determines that you are for skin cancer, extent of the cancer (stage) you may need additional tests to determine.
Skin cancers such as superficial basal cell carcinoma where they are rarely released, to growth, all of that biopsy often is the only test you need to determine the stage of cancer. But a big squamous cell carcinoma, Merkel cell carcinoma, or melanoma, your doctor may recommend further examination to determine how far the cancer has spread.
Additional tests, imaging tests or to nearby lymph nodes, signs of cancer signs of cancer in terms of the study in terms of handling the investigation and may include nearby lymph nodes (Sentinel node biopsy).
They use Roman numerals from I to IV stages of the cancer the doctors specify. The small size of stage I cancers, and they are limited to the starting area. Stage IV indicates advanced stage cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
The stage of skin cancer helps in determining what would be the most effective treatment option.
How to protect yourself from skin cancer?
Most skin cancers are preventable. To protect yourself, following skin cancer prevention tips follow:
- Avoid the sun in the middle of the day. The sun’s rays for a lot of people in North America 10:00 a.m. and at noon to 16:00 between the most powerful. Outdoor activities, even when it’s cloudy or in the winter, a different time of day schedule.
Are sucking all year UV radiation, and provides very little protection against the harmful rays of the clouds. Avoiding the sun’s rays are strongest when the sun and skin cancer and cause skin damage increase the risk of developing bronzluk that helps protect you from sunburns. Over time, accumulated sun exposure can also cause cancer
- Care products use sunscreen all year round. Sunscreens, all harmful UV rays, especially in that radiation can cause melanoma, it does not filter. But overall the program play a large role in sun protection.
At least 15 SPF (sun protection factor) is a broad-spectrum sunscreen use. Solar saver if you are swimming or sweating or every two hours and apply a generous amount at more frequent intervals if you are repeat. Your lips, your neck with your hand the top side of the tip of the ear, including use plenty of sunscreen on exposed skin.
- Wear protective clothing. Sunscreens do not provide complete protection from UV rays. So, your skin that covers your arms and legs dark-colored, tightly woven, wide-brimmed hat or a baseball cap that provides more protection than protect clothes and wear a hat.
Some companies, light protective clothing, too sells. A dermatologist may recommend a proper brand.
Don’t forget your sunglasses. Both the type of UV radiation – UVA and UVB rays – select refer to those who sought to hinder.
- Avoid exposure to tanning beds. UV lights emit rays that are used in the solarium and you can increase your chances of developing skin cancer.
- Remedies against the sun duyarlastirici know. Antibiotics, including some commonly used prescription and over-the-counter medications they can refine your skin against the sun even more.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist about the side effects of any medication you are using. If you can increase your sensitivity to the sun, protect your skin from the sun in order to take extra precautions to stay away.
- Check your skin regularly and inform your doctor of any changes. The skin your skin or new skin growth in me, in suffering, and in terms of changes in swellings in frequently examine your birthmark.
With the help of a mirror, your face, your neck, your ears and your scalp check. Your chest, your arms, your hands and your body and examine top and the side pieces. Both the front and back of your leg, between your toes and the soles of the feet examine your feet, including the spaces. Check the area between your genital region and your hips.