What is testicular cancer?
The skin under the penis testicular cancer occurs in the testicles in the scrotum, a loose bag. The testes produces sperm and male sex hormones for reproduction this.
This type of skin cancer cancer has spread beyond the testicles at a high rate even when treated. Depending on the type and stage of testicular cancer, you can see one of several treatments or a combination.
What are the signs and symptoms of testicular cancer?
- Both a mass or swelling in the testicle
- Scrotum (scrotal) of a heavy feeling
- A dull pain in the abdomen or groin
- Sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum
- Pain or discomfort in a testicle or in the scrotum
- Swelling of the breasts or sensitivity
- Is back pain.
Cancer usually affects only one testicle.
When should I see the doctor?
In your groin area or testicles, pain, swelling or masses, if you want to detect, especially if these signs and symptoms lasts longer than two weeks see your doctor.
What are the causes of testicular cancer?
In many cases, the cause of tumor formation in the testis is not clear.
Doctors know that testicular cancer occurs when healthy cells have not changed the test that is right for you. Healthy cells grow and maintain normal function of the body in a specific order to break up. However, sometimes some cells develop abnormalities that can cause growth to spin out of control. The cancer cells keep dividing when new cells are not needed for this continues. The accumulated abnormal cells form a mass in the testicle.
Almost all testicular cancer starts in the germ cells that produce immature sperm in the testes. What was the cause of anormallesmes and germ cells turning into cancer is not known.
What are the risk factors for testicular cancer?
- Undescended testes (cryptorchidism). And usually occurs during fetal development the testes descend into the scrotum before birth in the abdominal area. An undescended testicle is normally higher than men in their testicles men who have had testicular cancer are at risk of descending. Although the testicle in the scrotum is surgically placed, the risk is high.
Still there is a history of undescended testis in the majority of men with testicular cancer.
- Abnormal testicular development. The conditions that cause abnormal development of the testes such as klinefelter’s syndrome can increase your risk of testicular cancer
- Family history. Your family members if you were diagnosed with testicular cancer, you are at higher risk.
- Age. Affects teenagers and young men in particular 15 to 35 year olds. However can occur at any age.
- Members of the white race is more common than black people.
What can be done to prevent testicular cancer?
A method to prevent testicular cancer has been found yet.
Some doctors on a regular basis to detect the earliest stage of testicular cancer self-exam testicular proposes to do with hands. However, all the doctors on this issue disagrees. Testicular examination yourself manually if you are not sure whether it is suitable for you talk to your doctor.
How is testicular cancer diagnosed?
In some cases, men or hand in an involuntary manner, while examining themselves to discover tumors in the testicles of men. In other cases, your doctor during a routine physical exam can detect a mass.
An audience to determine whether it is cancer, your doctor may recommend the following:
- Testicular ultrasound test using sound waves creates an image of the scrotum and the testicles. During the ultrasound, you lie on your back with your legs open. Your doctor then apply a clear gel to your scrotum. To obtain an ultrasound image, a hand-held probe is moved on your scrotum.
Ultrasound test of the masses, solid or fluid-filled testicular mass, whether by giving information, such as your doctor can help you determine the nature of. Your doctor ultrasound of the masses in the testicle or outside whether.
- Blood tests. Your doctor may test to determine the levels of tumor markers in your blood. Tumor markers are substances that are found in the blood under normal conditions, including testicular cancer but, in some cases, the levels of these substances may increase. The presence of tumor markers in your blood is high does not mean you have cancer, but it can assist your doctor in determining your diagnosis.
- Surgery to remove the testicle (radical Inguinal orchiectomy) if your testicles that may be cancerous mass is identified, surgical intervention for the removal of the testicle may be recommended. You should test received, whether the lump is cancerous and if so, what will be analyzed to determine what specific type of cancer.
What are the types of testicular cancer?
Extracted you should test to determine the type of cancer will be examined. Type of your testicular cancer, your treatment and determine porn. In general, there are two types of testicular cancer:
- Seminoma tumors occur in all age groups, but older men are more likely to be seminoma testicular cancer in which develops. Usually they like seminoma and non-aggressive.
- Seminoma non-seminoma). Seminoma tumors tend to spread quickly and growth and develops at an earlier age. Choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma, teratoma, and yolk sac tumor including many different non-seminoma tumor is available.
What are the stages of testicular cancer?
Your doctor after a diagnosis of cancer, the next step is to determine the stage of your cancer. To determine whether the cancer has spread beyond your testicles are subjected to the following tests:
- Computed tomography (CT) Scan. CT scans of the abdomen and pelvis, a series of chest X-ray is an image. The cancer has spread your doctor not findings related to CT scans to look for uses.
- Blood tests. Testicular tumor markers to look for after having received a high level of blood tests can help your doctor to understand whether there is any remaining cancer in your body.
After all these tests is released into the universe. Staging helps determine the treatment most appropriate for you.
Stages of testicular cancer include:
- Stage I. the cancer is limited in the testicles.
- Stage II. The cancer has spread to the lymph nodes in the abdomen.
- Stage III. Cancer cells have spread to other parts of the body. This type of skin cancer most commonly spreads to the lungs and the liver.
What are the treatment options for testicular cancer?
Your treatment options, The type and stage of your cancer, your overall health and your preferences depends on several factors such as.
- Surgery to remove a testicle. (radical Inguinal orchiectomy) is the primary treatment for testicular cancer and almost every type of stage. Your surgeon makes an incision in your groin area to get your testicles through the opening and pulls the whole jar. If you want the testicle instead received saline-filled testicular prosthesis can be placed. In cases of early-stage testicular cancer, the testicle may be the only treatment that needed to be surgically removed.
- Surgery to remove nearby lymph nodes (retroperitoneal lymph node dissection) is done through a cut in your abdomen. CAUTION To avoid damage to the nerves surrounding the lymph nodes your surgeon will, but harm to the nerves may be unavoidable in some cases. Damaged nerves can cause difficulties with ejaculation, but it will not stop us from being aroused.
If surgery is the only treatment for testicular cancer, your doctor will recommend a schedule for the following appointments. For the first few years, every few months, then death will be made more sparse in the appointments, blood tests to check for signs that your cancer is back, CT scans and other procedures apply.
Radiation therapy uses X-rays to kill cancer cells used to harness energy such as powerful. During radiation therapy, you will be positioned on a table and a machine moves around your body by directing you to specific points in great energy rays.
Radiation therapy, sometimes with a seminoma type testicular cancer is a treatment option that is used in people who. After surgery, receipt of radiation therapy to the testicles may be recommended.
Side effects in the groin area abdomen and skin redness and irritation as well as may include nausea and fatigue. Radiation therapy may temporarily reduce the number of sperm and may affect fertility in some men. Radiation protection options, talk to your doctor about your sperm before starting treatment.
Chemotherapy, a medicated treatment to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy drugs that kill cancer cells and circulated throughout the body it has spread beyond the original tumor.
You see, chemotherapy is the only treatment that may or may not be before or after lymph node removal surgery may be recommended.
The side effects of chemotherapy depend on the drug used. Ask your doctor whether you should wait what. In the common side effects are fatigue, nausea, hair loss and include an increased risk of infection. There are certain medications that reduce side effects of chemotherapy and treatments available.
Some men may be permanent in some cases chemotherapy, which can cause infertility. Talk to your doctor about your sperm before chemotherapy protection options.