Ketosis and ketoacidosis contain both ketone production in the body. However, while ketosis is generally safe, ketoacidosis may be life-threatening. Nutritional ketosis occurs when the body begins to burn fat instead of glucose. Inducing ketosis is the goal of a ketogenic diet or keto diet, a high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet that can help people lose weight.
Ketoacidosis occurs when the body produces a dangerously high amount of ketone and is usually a complication of type 1 diabetes. Below you will find information on the differences between ketosis and ketoacidosis, including symptoms, and also how to treat it:
Ketosis and Ketoacidosis
The doctor may recommend blood or urine tests to determine whether someone has had a ketosis or ketoacidosis. Nutritional ketosis occurs when the body uses fat instead of glucose as fuel. The liver divides this oil into chemicals called ketone and leaves it into the bloodstream and the body can then use ketones as a source of energy. The ketogenic diet aims to induce nutritional ketosis. People do this by eating foods that are high in fat but with a low carbohydrate rate. Adopting this diet has become the most popular way to burn fat and lose weight.
The doctors initially developed a ketogenic diet to treat children with epilepsy. A classic ketogenic diet involves eating 1 to 4 grams of fat per 1 g of carbohydrates and protein. According to the Epilepsy Foundation, epilepsy diets that have a ketogenic diet experience 10-15% of seizures.
Doctors do not know why the ketogenic diet reduces some of the symptoms of epilepsy. Research shows that this diet can also help with some other neurological diseases such as Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease. In contrast, ketoacidosis occurs when the body thinks that it is fast, when it starts to break down fat and proteins very quickly. It is a potential complication of type 1 diabetes.
If a person does not have enough insulin, they cannot move the body glucose from the blood to the cells, whereas it is necessary for this energy. As a result, dangerous levels of both glucose and ketones can accumulate in the blood. Doctors describe this as diabetic ketoacidosis and use blood and urine tests to determine whether a person has ketosis or ketoacidosis.
During feeding ketosis, it is normal to have a blood ketone level of 0.5-3.0 millimoles per liter (mmol / L). According to the American Diabetes Association, a person should check their ketone levels if their blood glucose levels are higher than 240 milligrams (mg / dl) per deciliter. People with diabetes have higher blood ketone levels and a more significant risk of diabetic ketoacidosis.
Symptoms of Ketoacidosis
Diabetic ketoacidosis is a potential complication of type 1 diabetes and can occur when a person does not administer enough insulin at the right time. Not consuming enough food can sometimes trigger diabetic ketoacidosis.
Symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis include:
• High blood sugar levels
• Ketone levels rising in urine
• Thirst and frequent urination
• Dry or pale skin
As ketoacidosis progresses, symptoms may include:
• Nausea and vomiting
• Abdominal pain
• Difficulty in breathing • Breath
• Mind blurring and difficulty in attention
Ketosis symptoms can be fatigue, chills and general weakness. For most people, ketosis is a short-term metabolic condition that occurs temporarily in the body with increased fat burning. During this time, the ketone level in the blood increases. People with ketogenic diets seek to spend longer periods in ketosis. Some people may also enter a ketosis state when they are starving.
Ketosis can cause shortness of breath and weight loss, headache, and in some people, thirst and stomach complaints are found. Inducing ketosis is generally safe, but it may cause nutritional imbalances or inadequate calories in some people. Other complaints caused by malnutrition include;
• Weak concentration or memory problems
• Changes in mood
• More frequent illness
When to see a doctor?
The doctor may use blood or urine tests to determine if a person has ketosis or ketoacidosis. These tests measure ketone, glucose, and acidity levels in the body. Nutritional ketosis is not a medical condition and does not require diagnosis. However, ketoacidosis is a life-threatening condition and anyone with symptoms should seek immediate medical attention. People with signs of malnutrition are advised to see a doctor. Doctors usually offer urine testing sticks to patients with type 1 diabetes to check their ketone levels.
Diabetic ketoacidosis is a rapidly progressive medical emergency, but it is also a treatable condition. Doctors usually treat diabetic ketoacidosis patients in a hospital or emergency room. Treatment typically involves insulin therapy with fluid and electrolyte replacement. Most patients with diabetic ketoacidosis should remain in the hospital for monitoring. When blood ketone levels return to normal, the physician may recommend additional tests to determine if a person has other risk factors for ketoacidosis.
Prevention of ketoacidosis
Monitoring blood glucose levels can help prevent ketoacidosis. Diabetes, which people can reduce the risk of ketoacidosis in the following ways:
• Blood Regularly monitor glucose levels and inform the doctor is not under control
• Blood glucose levels above 240 mg / dL when they’re to make a urine test for ketones
• If you have ketones in the urine and blood glucose levels are higher than exercise avoid
• Take insulin according to the doctor’s treatment plan
• Eat a healthy and balanced diet
• Avoid skipping meals
Briefly; Although ketosis and ketoacidosis cause ketone levels in the body to increase, they are not the same. Nutritional ketosis is the goal of a ketogenic diet and is generally safe, whereas ketoacidosis is a potentially dangerous complication of type 1 diabetes. People with diabetes should avoid ketogenic diets and follow the treatment recommendations of their doctors to prevent ketoacidosis. Ketogenic diets can help people lose weight and offer some health benefits. However, you should necessarily consult a doctor before attempting a new diet.