What is liver cancer?
Liver cancer is a cancer that occurs in your liver cells. Your liver, in the upper part of the abdomen, under the diaphragm and the stomach is an organ about the size of a football at the top of.
Several types of cancer in the liver may occur. Main liver cancer is the most common type of liver cell (hepatocyte) was starting hepatocellular carcinoma. Other types, such as liver cancer and intrahepatic kolanjiokarsinom hepatoblasto are less common.
All the cancers that affect the liver is considered liver cancer. Cancer starting in another area of the body – colon, such as lung or breast and spreads to the liver If liver cancer instead of metastatic cancer takes the name of. And this type of cancer, the organ of origin is the name of – in the large intestine, such as metastatic colon cancer to describe cancer that has spread to the liver and begin. Cancer that has spread to the liver, the liver is more common than cancer that begins in cells.
What are the signs and symptoms of liver cancer?
There are signs and symptoms in the early stages of primary liver cancer most people. If you see signs and symptoms, may include the following:
- Involuntary weight loss
- Loss of appetite
- Upper abdominal pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- General weakness and fatigue
- Swelling in the abdominal area
- Yellowing of your skin and the whites of your eyes (jaundice).
- White, stool kirecimsi
When you post the signs and symptoms of liver cancer should see the doctor?
Make an appointment with your doctor if you experience any signs or symptoms that concerns you.
What are the causes of liver cancer?
In most cases, you are not certain of the leading factors of liver cancer. However, in some cases, the cause is known. For example, chronic infection with certain hepatitis viruses can lead to liver cancer.
Liver cancer, of liver cells in the DNA – the material which gives instructions for every chemical process in your body – changes (mutations) occur when a occurs. DNA mutations cause changes in these instructions. As a result, the cancer cells begin to grow out of control and eventually formed the mass of cells which is its ability to form tumors.
What are the risk factors for liver cancer?
Factors that increase the risk of primary liver cancer include the following:
- Chronic infection with HBV or HCV. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) chronic infection with the liver increases your risk of cancer.
- Cirrhosis. This progressive and irreversible condition causes scar tissue formation of your liver and increases your chances of developing liver cancer.
- Certain hereditary liver diseases. Which may increase the risk of liver cancer liver diseases include hemochromatosis and Wilson’s disease.
- This people with blood sugar disorders, diabetes may increase your risk for liver cancer than those who have higher.
- Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Fat accumulation in the liver increases the risk of liver cancer.
- Aflatoxins exposure. Aflatoxins produced by molds that grow in crops that are stored in bad conditions are Poison. Crops such as corn and peanuts that are made from products that may be contaminated with aflatoxins can be found in foods. Safety regulations in the United States, aflatoxin contamination limits. Dish is more common in certain parts of Africa and Asia, aflatoxin.
- Excessive alcohol consumption. Measured every day for many years more than the amount of alcohol consumption can increase your risk of liver damage and liver cancer can cause irreversible.
What can be done to prevent liver cancer?
Reduce your risk of cirrhosis.
Increases the risk of cirrhosis and liver cancer the liver is injured. You can reduce your risk of cirrhosis if you do the following:
- For alcohol in moderation, if at all. If you choose to use alcohol, limit the amount of your drink. In women, means not to drink more than this amount glasses a day. That means not drinking more than two drinks per day for men.
- Stay at a healthy weight. If your current weight is healthy, try to protect it by choosing a healthy diet and exercising most days of the week. If you need to lose weight, reduce your calories and increase the amount of exercise you do every day. Aim for slow weight loss – 0.5 to 1 kilogram each week.
- Beware of chemicals. Follow the instructions about the chemicals that you use at home or in the workplace.
Get a hepatitis B vaccine
More than 90 percent protection for both adults and children you can reduce your risk of hepatitis B for hepatitis B vaccine. Vaccine, infants, older adults, and can be done with everyone, including those with weakened immune systems.
Take measures to prevent hepatitis C
Hepatitis C vaccine is available, but you can reduce your risk of infection.
- The health status of your sexual partner know. Your partner is HBV, HCV or other sexually transmitted infections if you are not sure, do not have unprotected sex. If you don’t know your partner’s health status, during sexual intercourse, always use a condom.
- Intravenous (IV) do not use drugs, but if you do this, use a clean needle. Reduce the risk of HCV by not injecting illegal drugs. However, do not have such a chance, make sure that the needle is sterile and share with others. Contaminated drug paraphernalia is a common cause of hepatitis C infection. The National needle exchange program in your community and consider seeking help for your drug use take advantage of.
- Look for stores that are clean and have secure piercing or tattoo if you will. The hepatitis C virus can shed needles that are not properly sterilized. Before you get a tattoo or piercing, check your local stores and ask the employees questions about safety practices. If employees in a store refuses to answer your questions or take your questions seriously if it is to take it as a sign that this property is not suitable for you.
Ask your doctor about liver cancer screening
To reduce the risk of liver cancer dying from liver cancer for the general population because it cannot be proven, it is generally not recommended. Research American Association for liver diseases, liver cancer, in patients who are considered to be at high risk, including people who have the following recommends:
- Applies to hepatitis B and one or more of the following: anal, Asian, or African, those who have a familial history of liver cancer or cirrhosis
- Hepatitis C infection and liver cirrhosis
- Autoimmune disease, excessive alcohol use, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and liver cirrhosis from other causes, such as hereditary hemochromatosis
- Primary biliary cirrhosis
Talk to your doctor the pros and cons of screening. Together you can decide whether the scan is right for you, depending on the risk. Scanning typically includes an ultrasound examination at six months.
How is liver cancer diagnosed?
Tests and procedures used to diagnose liver cancer include the following:
- Blood tests. Blood tests may show liver function abnormalities.
- Imaging Tests. Your doctor ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) scanning and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may recommend imaging tests such as.
- A sample of liver tissue for examination is to be taken. Your doctor for examination in order to make a definitive diagnosis of liver cancer in the laboratory may recommend the removal of a piece of liver tissue.
During a liver biopsy, the doctor will obtain a tissue sample from your skin, stick a thin needle into your liver. In the lab, doctors examines the tissue under a microscope for cancer cells. Liver biopsy bleeding, bruising and infection carries a risk.
What are the stages of liver cancer?
After cancer has been diagnosed, your doctor the cancer has spread (stage) will attempt to determine. Staging tests determine the size and location of the cancer and whether the cancer has spread will help. Liver cancer imaging tests that are used in the National heart between CT, MRI and bone scans include.
Different methods are available that can be used in liver cancer National heart. Method IV-IV when using Roman numerals between one and the other uses the letters from a to D. To determine the stage of your cancer and your treatment options your Doctor uses porno. Stage IV and stage D indicates the most advanced stage liver cancer with the worst prognosis.
What are the treatment options for liver cancer?
The treatment of primary liver cancer the extent of disease (stage) as well as your age, your general health and depends on your personal preferences.
Following surgery to treat liver cancer includes:
- Surgery to remove a tumor. In certain situations, your doctor, your liver function is good if the tumor is smaller and liver cancer and her liver may suggest a surgery for the removal of a small portion of surrounding healthy tissue.
It is an option for you to position whether the cancer in your liver, your liver function and overall health depends on your situation how you’re doing.
- Liver transplant surgery. During liver transplant surgery, your diseased liver with a healthy liver from a donor is taken and replaced. Liver transplant surgery is only an option for few patients with liver cancer early.
Local therapy for liver cancer treatments that are applied directly to cancer cells or the cancer cells to the surrounding region. Treatment for liver cancer includes the following:
- The heating of the cancer cells. In a process called radiofrequency ablation, electric current is used to destroy cancer cells with heat. Your surgeon under ultrasound or CT guidance, a thin needle in your abdomen a small fraction of one or more advances. When the needles reaches the tumor, these cancer cells are destroyed with an electric current and is heated.
- Freeze the cancer cells. Cryoablation uses extreme cold to destroy cancer cells. During the procedure, your doctor a device that contains liquid nitrogen (krioprom) places it directly on top of liver tumors. Cryotherapy is the freezing of cells is used to monitor and steer the ultrasound images.
- Alcohol is injected tumor. Alcohol pure alcohol is injected directly into the tumor during surgery or from the skin during injection. Alcohol causes the tumor cells to die.
- Injecting chemotherapy drugs into the liver. Chemoembolization of the liver directly to the powerful anti-cancer drugs chemotherapy is a treatment that is given.
- Full of radiation on the liver of the beads would be placed. Radiation that contains tiny spheres of radiation directly to the tumor where they can be placed directly into the liver.
This treatment to shrink tumors and kill cancer cells X-rays and uses very strong energy sources such as protons. The doctors said the tumor while preserving the surrounding healthy tissue the energy they tend to carefully.
During external beam radiation therapy, a machine lying on a table and you are the energy of-rays directs you to a certain point in your body.
A special type of radiation therapy called stereotactic radiosurgery, a focused radiation beam includes simultaneously many in your body.
Targeted drug therapy
Targeted drugs, they work by interfering specific abnormalities within a tumor. Advanced stage hepatocellular carcinoma, untreated, progress to cancer it has been shown that it stops or slows down.
Sorafenib which was originally in the control of advanced liver cancer (with Nexavar) can be used to understand how targeted therapies, such as more work needs to be done.
Supportive (palliative) care
Palliative care is specialized medical care that focuses on pain and to alleviate the symptoms of other serious diseases. Palliative care specialists, care that complement your ongoing support separate layer in order to provide you, your family, and work in conjunction with other physicians. Palliative care, surgery, chemotherapy or other aggressive treatments such as radiation therapy can be used as continue.
When used in conjunction with all other appropriate treatments, palliative care, people with cancer themselves, they can feel better and live longer.
In palliative care doctors, nurses, and other health professionals, provided by a team of specially trained. Palliative care teams aim to increase the quality of life of people with cancer and their families. This type of care that you may receive a healing treatment, or along with other therapies, is presented.